02-27-15 CSU Ext Agent Bruce Bosley to Retire March 19th…Two events being held in his honor March 12th and 30th…

Bosley Retirement Party Sterling March 30thBosley Retirement Party Ft Morgan March 12Submitted by Bruce Bosley…


I am writing this email so that you know that I’ll be retiring (I think I’m graduating from CSU Extension) in mid-March. My last official day at work will be 19 March. I’ll celebrate my new beginnings with new adventures and self-defined work on the Spring Equinox, March 20th. Until then I welcome your questions and comments about Colorado State Extension and/or Cropping Systems & Natural Resource topics.

Two retirement celebrations are planned in both Logan and Morgan Counties (see attached flyers)

My Extension career has been filled with many satisfying accomplishments. The best of these has been to experience the personal growth and accomplishments of those I’ve worked with. Many of my farmer collaborators and customers have enhanced their willingness to follow their curiosity with learning. Some have extended this by designing and implementing their own on-farm experiments and trying new research based production and cropping systems techniques.

For me the most rewarding impact from my contacts has been to see people become leaders among their peers. These individuals share their trial results and experiences with other farm producers. Their leadership has helped themselves and others to enhance the profitability and sustainability of their farm operations. These and those who they’ve touched have become life-long learners. They continue to stretch boundaries and tinker with alternative crop production methods and cropping systems.

I’ve been blessed to have been mentored by and worked with a wonderful collection of far thinking farmers and Exemplary Colorado State research and Extension faculty as well as USDA Agricultural Research scientists. With their generous collaborations and guidance, I’ve received a full complement of Extension and University honors. I look forward to having the time to pursue my other life goals which include: Continue reading

02-24-15 West Greeley Conservation District to offer scholarships due by March 5, 2015…

WGCD-West Greeley Conservation District logo

West Greeley Conservation District to offer scholarships

WGCD offers four high school scholarships each year to high school students in Weld County pursuing a career in natural resources or agriculture. They include one $2500 and three $1000 scholarships.

WGCD also offers a $5000 scholarship to college students in their third year or grad school at UNC, CSU, or School of Mines pursuing a career in natural resources.

Anyone interested in these scholarships please contact Pam Wright @ 970-356-8097, pam.wright@wgcd.org  and the application can be found on www.wgcd.org.

The applications are due to WGCD office March 5, 2015.

To learn more please visit: www.wgcd.org.

02-20-15 *CSU Ext SEA News* A Roadmap to Soil Health by Wilma Trujillo…

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A Roadmap to Soil Health

By Wilma Trujillo

Soil heath and quality is a lot like the weather. People talk about it, few understand it, and still fewer do anything about it. At least that has been the case in recent years.

For too long the concept of soil as part of the environment that needs protection has been neglected or misunderstood by the public and policymakers. In the 1970s, we recognized the need to clean up the air we breathe. In the 1980s, we recognized the need to clean up the water we drink. In the 1990s and 2000’s, we acknowledged problems in the soil and started studying specifically soil quality (soil functions)

As stated in the June 1995 issue of Agronomy News, the simplest definition for soil quality is “the capacity (of soil) to function”. An expanded version of this definition presents soil quality as “the capacity of a specific kind of soil to function, within natural or managed ecosystem boundaries, to sustain plant and animal productivity, maintain or enhance water and air quality, and support human health and habitation.”  In 2013, the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) redefined soil health as the capacity of a soil to maintain its function and flow of ecosys­tem services given a specific set of physical, chemical, and environmental boundaries.

With respect to agriculture, the terms soil quality and soil health are used interchangeably to mean “the soil’s fitness to support crop growth without becoming degraded or otherwise harming the environment.

To understand soil health and how cultivation impacts it, we need to define soil. Soil is a heterogeneous natural body.  It basically consists of solid particles (mineral particles), organic matter, water and air.  Organic matter is one of the smallest components of the soil system, but plays an essential role in maintaining soil health/functions. Soil organic matter is derived from living organisms, such as plants and animals, and their by-products in the soil environment. When organic matter decomposes, it is transformed into different pools as sources of plant nutrients at various degrees of availability and eventually forms humus, the central building block of healthy soil. Therefore, the maintenance of soil organic matter is critical to the health and productivity of the soil; providing a stable soil physical structure for water storage, nutrient exchange with plant roots, aeration and a healthy microbial community will enhance soil health for healthy plant growth.

Four broad principles are used to sustainably maintain or improve soil health: Continue reading

01-30-15 The 2015 National Bison Association Jr. Judging Contest Winners Announced…

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Colby, Kan., Weld Central, Colo. Contestants Shine, $4,600 in Scholarships Doled Out  

NWSS – DENVER, CO -Bison judging contestants vied Jan. 21, for $4,600 in individual scholarships and team trophies at the National Bison Association’s (NBA) Seventh Annual Junior Judging Contest.  Taking top honors and a $1,500 scholarship with an overall score of 226.5, was Chase Cervsosky from Colby, Kan. The top placing team, scoring a total of 659.5 points, was from Colby (Kansas) FFA, and included Cervsosky, Christian Calliham, Alexsis Dennis and Tresta Urban. The team is coached by Colby FFA Advisor Tom Rundel and was one of two Colby FFA entries.
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01-06-15 The 2015 Colorado Farm Show Scholarship Winners Announced…

CLICK HERE to download and view an OnLine Brochure...

January 27-28-29 – CLICK HERE to download and view an OnLine Brochure…

The 2015 Colorado Farm Show will award seven graduating high school seniors a total of $13,000 to help with their higher education goals. Six $2,000 Chuck Urano Memorial Scholarships and one $1,000 Colorado Farm Show Scholarship will be awarded on Wednesday, January 28, 2015 at a banquet held in the recipients’ honor at the Events Center at Island Grove Regional Park in Greeley, CO. The Chuck Urano Memorial Scholarship was established in 1992 to honor the late founder of the Colorado Farm Show. To date, over $136,000 in scholarships have been awarded in his name to Colorado graduating Seniors pursuing careers in Agriculture.

The 2015 Chuck Urano Memorial Scholarship recipients are: Jessica Rossi of Phippsburg, Kayla Frink of Eaton, Drew Whittington of Fleming, Susanne Sutton of Pierce, Jenna Frink of Eaton, and Jaydee Johnston of Grover, CO. Cullen Stevens of LaSalle, CO will be awarded the Colorado Farm Show Scholarship.


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01-07-15 CSU Ext – SEA News: Severe Cold Weather Preparedness…

CSU Extension HeaderBy Mallory Sikes, Area Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development and Livestock/Range Management

Areas often known for their mild winters can still be hit with a major snowstorm or extreme cold and wind.  Many residents of southeastern Colorado were caught off guard when severe blizzard conditions struck in December of 2006.  For most, memories of livestock loss and property damage as well as the rescue efforts and recovery that followed well into 2007, will not soon be forgotten.  Similar incidences of wind, snow, and cold also resulted in major cattle losses in an early October storm located in South Dakota in 2013.

With last week’s extremely cold temperatures throughout Colorado, winter, is far from over.  It is important that people are prepared to protect themselves, their families, and their livestock from the hazards of severe winter weather.  In addition to normal emergency preparedness, there are tips and reminders that can help with preparing for or protecting yourself and your livestock should you encounter severe winter storms.

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01-06-15 Colorado Corn News: Sign-up deadline approaching for new CCGA membership benefit with Air MedCare…

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The Colorado Corn Growers Association recently partnered with the Air MedCare Network to offer all of our members the option of a discounted membership with Air MedCare. The Air MedCare Network is the country’s largest network of air ambulance. They are in 28 states with over 220 bases, and have five bases in Colorado.

If someone is in a life- or limb-threatening emergency, and they are more than 45 minutes away from a Level 2 trauma center, 911 and/or first responders will likely decide the patient needs to be flown. Air ambulances significantly cut response time to save lives but are extremely expensive, at an average transport cost of $25,000. Insurance typically covers just a small portion of these exorbitant costs.

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01-06-15 Colorado Corn and CO 4-H team up to offer $14,476 in grants to programs around the state…

Colorado Corn LogoColorado Corn & the Colorado 4-H Foundation recently awarded the following grants to help the following areas and programs strengthen their 2015 4-H efforts:

  • SEA STEM Education (Southeast Colorado … Baca, Bent, Cheyenne, Crowley, Kiowa, Otero and Prowers counties) – $6,020
  • Growing 4-H in Clear Creek County – $6,000
  • CSU Denver County Extension Embryology Program$1,456
  • Evaluating a Multi-County Program Effort – Embryology (Adams, Broomfield, Cheyenne, Douglas, Elbert, Jefferson, Logan, Morgan, Prowers and Washington counties) – $1,000

The Colorado 4-H Foundation has $10,000 to award counties/areas grants for new and expanding 4-H programs for 2015. The funding is made possible through 4-H Foundation raffle proceeds, a $2,500 donation from Colorado Corn and other Foundation resources.

To learn more about the CO 4H – CLICK HERE

To learn more about the CO 4H Foundation – CLICK HERE



01-06-15 CSU Ext – SEA News: Prowers County at 2015 NWSS…

CSU Extension HeaderBy Lacey Mann, CSU 4-H Extension Agent, Bent & Prowers Counties

Southeast Area—Prowers County 4-H is sending a Catch a Calf contestant, market swine and goat exhibitors to the annual National Western Stock Show (NWSS) January 9-25. This year Angelina Downing; Dalton and Coen Lewis, and Lexy and Sterling Koehn, and Makendra, Makenzie and Makayla Torres will exhibit their livestock. Leandra Melgoza will be showing market goats too.

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12-30-14 CDA News: Colorado’s Brand Fees Increase Effective January 1, 2015…

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BROOMFIELD, Colo. – Effective January 1, 2015, fees through the Colorado Department of Agriculture’s Brand Inspection Division will increase. The fee increase includes cattle, horse, and sheep inspection; licenses and permits; brand registration fees/estray fees; brand assessment fees; and cancelled brand reinstatement fees.

“The Brand Inspection Division’s job is to protect Colorado’s $3 billion livestock industry from loss by theft or straying,” said CDA’s Brand Commissioner, Chris Whitney. “Brand inspection fees have not increased since 2005; meanwhile, the livestock market has changed dramatically and the cost of providing the services the industry expects from us has increased. The new fees are a reflection of those changes.”

The brand assessment fee was last increased in 2012; the new fee will be effective in 2017. Fees collected on behalf of the Colorado Beef Council and Colorado Horse Development Authority will not change. For a complete list of the new fees, visit www.colorado.gov/agbrands.

Extensive meetings were held with the Brand Board and livestock industry groups to discuss the market changes and their impact on division services. Following those meetings and discussions, the increases were unanimously supported by industry representatives at a public rule making hearing on October 15, 2014.

Colorado law and regulations require that livestock (including cattle, calves, horses, mules, donkeys, burros and, when requested, sheep), whether or not they are branded, be inspected before: Continue reading

12-18-14 CAB News – Demand study: Quality builds future for beef…

By Steve Suther


People in the cattle business, especially those with cow-calf herds, are enjoying per-head income levels unimagined even a few years ago.

A glance at the corn market may remind them things can change, but a University of Missouri white paper says they can take action now to stay on a higher profit plane.

“Should Beef Quality Grade be a Priority?” That’s the title of a Master’s Thesis by Jillian Steiner and economist Scott Brown, which says quality drives the beef industry and holds the key to maintaining price strength. See the paper at http://www.cabpartners.com/news/research.php.

Elasticity of demand and price flexibility are two economic measures that point to USDA Prime and premium Choice brands as “luxuries” in some sense of the word. Yet, as beef herds rebuild, producers who aim for the premium targets are more likely to find buyers at higher prices in the future, the paper says.

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12-15-14 *CSU Ext SEA News* Fertility Management for High Quality Alfalfa by Wilma Trujillo…

CSU Extension LogoAlfalfa remains one of Colorado’s major forage crops, despite the drought conditions experienced in the last three years.  In 2012, alfalfa production in Colorado was 10% lower than the total production in 2011 and 2010.

Easily, the yield decrease could be attributed to the effect of drought; however, it is important to recognize other factors that affect alfalfa yield and quality.  Crop nutrition and the conditions for an adequate supply of nutrients are factors that are also critical for alfalfa production.

In most of Colorado, alfalfa grows from early spring to late fall.  This long growth season results in a continuous demand of nutrients.  Based on several research studies, alfalfa removes about 51 lb. of N, 12 lb. of P2O5, 49 lb. of K2O and 5 lb. of S with each ton of production and cutting. Since alfalfa is a nitrogen fixing crop, the nitrogen requirements could be met through the symbiotic association with rhizobium.  In contrast,  phosphorus, potassium and other nutrients are rapidly depleted from the alfalfa fields if not supplied by fertilization.

Phosphorus (P) is critical for successful establishment and root growth development.  It is relatively immobile when added to the soil and bonds tightly on very high pH soils (pH > 7.5) making it unavailable to plants.  Phosphorus uptake is from the top 6 to 8 inches of the soil.  Since P is immobile, alfalfa responds better to incorporated/banded applications than to topdressing applications.

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12-12-14 America’s Farmers Grow Ag Leaders launches in Colorado…


Kelsey Bohling of Johnson County, NE is using her Grow Ag Leaders scholarship to help pay for her education in agricultural engineering at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Kelsey Bohling of Johnson County, NE is using her Grow Ag Leaders scholarship to help pay for her education in agricultural engineering at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Scholarship program promotes careers in agriculture across 40 states

ST.LOUIS, Mo. (December 12, 2014) – America’s Farmers Grow Ag Leaders is now launching in 40 states, including in Colorado, with more than $500,000 worth of scholarships available. Sponsored by the Monsanto Fund, the program provides $1,500 college scholarships to students pursuing a degree related to agriculture. Starting Nov. 15, high school seniors and college students in Colorado and other eligible states can apply for this opportunity.

Farmers know the rewards of a career in agriculture, but many of today’s youth may not. Luckily, there is an abundance of evidence that agriculture is a smart career choice. According to the USDA, nearly 55,000 jobs in agriculture are available every year. Many of the nation’s largest land-grant institutions, such as Penn State and Texas A&M University, report job placement rates above 90% for their ag students.

Grow Ag Leaders helps engage future generations in agriculture by raising awareness of the broad range of career opportunities in the industry and by supporting their college education. The program was created in response to farmer requests to keep rural youth involved in agriculture. Farmers can participate in the program by encouraging students in their community to apply for a scholarship and by endorsing their application. Because farmers play a crucial role in the industry, each applicant is required to obtain endorsements from at least three local farmers.

Listen to the interview with Elizabeth Vancil, Customer Advocacy Manager & Grow Ag Leaders program lead…


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12-08-14 CDA News: Enrich Colorado Ag Grant Program Supports Business Development…

CDA NEW main logo 051414BROOMFIELD, Colo. -The Colorado Department of Agriculture is now accepting applications for funding through the “Enrich Colorado Ag Grant Program.” Grant funds will help Colorado companies conduct research and develop new uses and markets for food and agricultural products that are grown, raised or processed in Colorado.

“Our goal is to help Colorado companies develop new markets and break into the next phase of growth,” said Tom Lipetzky, Markets Division Director. “Awarded projects last year met diverse needs across the food system, and we are looking forward to supporting the success of many projects in the future.”

Projects eligible for funding include, but are not limited to, feasibility studies and technical projects such as assessing the potential of establishing an agricultural value-added business project; and marketing and sales promotion projects such as first-time participation in trade shows, new product launches and promotions supporting the development of new sales channels. The maximum award per project is $15,000.

A matching contribution of cash and in-kind resources equal to at least 50 percent of the total project budget is required. Applications are due by 3:30 pm on February 27, 2015.

For more information including an application and program guidelines, contact the Colorado Department of Agriculture Markets Division at (303) 869-9176 or visit www.coloradoagriculture.com.

12-04-14 CAB News: Celebrate the season with premium beef…


DreamWalkin Meats logoDream Walkin’ Farms Premium Meats™ offers Certified Angus Beef ® brand

CAB-RGB-LG logoWOOSTER, Ohio – December 4, 2014 – Just in time for the holiday season, country music star and entrepreneur Toby Keith, along with his partners the Cusack family, proudly introduce a selection of premium meats for beef lovers on your holiday guest list and gift list. His Dream Walkin’ Farms Premium Meats™ offers the exceptionally flavorful, tender and juicy Certified Angus Beef ® brand and delivers it right to their door.

Dream Walkin’ Farms Premium Meats™ — the vision of Keith and the Cusack family, offers fans an online collection of Keith’s favorite, hand-selected meats and their joint, hometown commitment to quality and service. Brothers Al and Donnie Cusack begin by offering and cutting only with the finest meats, including premium Certified Angus Beef ® cuts — world-renowned for flavor, tenderness and juiciness. Available in their selection: tenderloin, ribeye, strip, T-bone and porterhouse steaks, along with all-beef frankfurters and burgers. Hickory smoked brisket and prime rib roast also add to Dream Walkin’ Farms’ holiday favorites list, which includes hickory smoked turkey and hickory smoked bone-in ham.

“Toby Keith is not only a music icon, but a recognized star in the beef community as well,” notes Tracey Erickson, vice president of marketing for Certified Angus Beef LLC. “We couldn’t be more excited to partner with him and our longtime friends, the Cusack family, to make Dream Walkin’ Farms Premium Meats™ available to beef lovers across the country.”

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12-01-14 CDA News: ‘AgLicense’Serving Colorado’s Agricultural Community & Businesses…

CDA NEW main logo 051414BROOMFIELD, Colo. – Agricultural businesses now have easier access to renew their state licenses or registration. On December 1, 2014, the Colorado Department of Agriculture (CDA) launched an online business license renewal service at www.colorado.gov/AgLicense for eight of its regulatory programs.

Businesses licensed with the Anhydrous Ammonia, Certified Weighers, Feed Program, Fertilizer Program, Nursery, Pesticide Products, Restricted Use Pesticide Dealers and Seed Dealers programs will have the option to renew and securely pay for their license renewals online.

“These programs represent 26,000 applicants or products that are available to renew online,” said Commissioner of Agriculture, John Salazar. “It is vital that the Colorado Department of Agriculture utilizes technology that allows us to better serve the residents of Colorado.” Continue reading

12-01-14 CDA News: Bovine Trichomoniasis Update…

CDA NEW main logo 051414BROOMFIELD, Colo. – The Colorado Department of Agriculture reminds cattle owners to test their herd for Bovine Trichomoniasis.

  • As of 11/30/2014, there are 11 positive trich locations in Conejos, Custer, Huerfano, Las Animas, Park, Prowers, and Pueblo counties.
  • So far this year, there have been 17 new trich cases.
  • A map detailing trichomoniasis sample submissions by county and the prevalence for trichomoniasis-positive counties can be found at www.colorado.gov/ag/animals and click on “livestock health.” The “trichomoniasis” tab includes the map, brochure, and diagnostic laboratory contact information.

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11-28-14 CDA News: Noxious Weed Grants Available…

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BROOMFIELD, Colo. –The Colorado Department of Agriculture announces requests for proposals for the 2015 grants for noxious weed management to local entities. This year, the Department has over $600,000 in grant funds available for projects based in Colorado to battle noxious weeds.

Noxious Weed Fund Grants

Nearly $500,000 was appropriated by the General Assembly in 2014 to expand the availability of resources for Colorado counties, municipalities and other entities with exceptional noxious weed management projects. Included in these funds is $100,000 earmarked for projects that address noxious weed problems resulting from floods, wildfires and other natural disasters.

State and Private Forestry Program Grants

Over $100,000 is available from the U.S. Forest Service’s State and Private Forestry program, which directs funds to projects that reduce noxious weed infestations that occur close to Forest Service-managed lands.

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11-20-14 *CSU Ext: Golden Plains – “Taking Care of Poinsettias”

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Submitted by: By Linda Langelo, CSU Horticulture Associate, Golden Plains Area…
Once the mums of fall start to fade, we start thinking about Christmas and the plants of the season: Poinsettias. Once we purchase these plants, how do we keep them at their best? Think of that tomato plant that you babied all summer long. It does best in warm temperatures with consistent care for light and water. Why? The Poinsettia is native to Mexico where they live in well-drained soils with poor fertility. In nature, they dry out before the next watering. Regular fertilization is not something that the homeowner needs to do once they have purchased their plants. The grower needs to fertilize on a regular basis and stop 2 to 3 weeks before selling the plants. If the homeowner continues fertilization after their purchase then it will reduce the number and size of the flowers and create lanky growth.In fact once the plant’s flowers called bracts fade and are gone, then the poinsettia needs a rest period. These bracts can last for several months. Once the flowers are gone, cut the dead bracts off leaving stems 4 to 6 inches in length leaving three leaves per stem. Right where the leaves join the stem is a leaf axil. This will produce new buds and give the poinsettia a nice shape for next year. Once that pruning is done, place it in a cool window with filtered light for two weeks. Continue to place the plant in more sun and begin watering again on a regular basis to harden the plant off in order to place it outside for the summer, if you want to have the poinsettia flower for next year.

When you do water a Poinsettia, you need to make sure that the water runs freely out of the pot. Check the water daily and water only when the surface of the soil is dry to the touch. Do not leave the soil dry too long. If the plant wilts, it will lose its leaves prematurely. If your home has low humidity and high light conditions, then it is best to check the soil frequently.

To give your poinsettia good light place it near a sunny window. All exposures are better than a north facing exposure. It simply will not get enough light and facing north may be colder as well.

The best temperature should be maintained at 65 to 70 degrees F during the day and slightly cooler at night. This will keep the poinsettia in bloom for a long time. Try to avoid the room temperature falling below 60 degrees F, your plant might become susceptible to root rot disease. Try to avoid any unnecessary drafts. Warmer or colder drafts can also cause leaves to drop prematurely.

For those of you who have last year’s poinsettia and want to have it bloom again, this means placing the plant in darkness every day for 10 weeks. So from 5 p.m. to 8 a.m. every day place your plant in total darkness. Do you have a closet floor you won’t be using during those hours? Once you take it out at 8 a.m., then you can put the poinsettia in a sunny window. Don’t stop watering your plant during this time. Keep watering and fertilizing all the way through mid-December.

Let’s face it, not everyone will have a place to do this. But if you do, try it. It can be fun for those who love to grow their own plants.

For more information visit www.ext.colostate.edu.

Colorado State University Extension is your local university community connection for research-based information about natural resource management; living well through raising kids, eating right and spending smart; gardening and commercial horticulture; the latest agricultural production technologies and community development. Extension 4-H and youth development programs reach more than 90,000 young people annually, over half in urban communities. Extension programs are available without discrimination.  If you have a disability for which you seek an accommodation, please notify your local Extension office hosting the program.

11-18-14 CAB News: Carcass Weights Edge Higher…


CAB Carcass WeightWOOSTER, OHIO – As finished cattle grow heavier each year, Certified Angus Beef LLC has chosen to adjust the Certified Angus Beef ® (CAB®) brand weight limit to 1,050 lb., effective Nov. 24.

Prior to 2006, the 1978-established subsidiary of the American Angus Association had no weight limit but relied on a yield grade requirement. Eight years ago, that was replaced with a ribeye size bracket of 10 to 16 square inches, 1-inch external fat limit and a carcass weight cap at less than 1,000 lb., as part of the brand’s 10 specifications.

Since then, the North American cattle herd continued to decline, and feedlots added more weight to each animal to compensate. U.S. average weekly steer carcass weights recently eclipsed the 900-lb. mark.

“As the beef industry continues to evolve, this brand is actively engaged in discussing ways to maintain increasing relevance to our farmer and rancher owners and licensed partners,” CAB President John Stika said.

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