QUARTERLY HOGS AND PIGS – JUNE 1, 2016
United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2016 was 68.4 million head. This was up 2 percent from June 1, 2015, and up 1 percent from March 1, 2016. This is the highest June 1 inventory of all hogs and pigs since estimates began in 1964. Breeding inventory, at 5.98 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, but down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 62.4 million head, was up 2 percent from last year, and up 1 percent from last quarter. This is the highest June 1 market hog inventory since estimates began in 1964.
The March-May 2016 pig crop, at 30.3 million head, was up 3 percent from 2015. This is the largest March-May pig crop since 1971. Sows farrowed during this period totaled 2.90 million head, up 1 percent from 2015. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.48 for the March-May period, compared to 10.37 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 8.10 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.50 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.
United States hog producers intend to have 2.95 million sows farrow during the June-August 2016 quarter, down 2 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2015, and down 1 percent from 2014. Intended farrowings for September-November 2016, at 2.90 million sows, are down 1 percent from 2015, and down 3 percent from 2014. The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 47 percent of the total United States hog inventory, up from 46 percent last year.
All inventory and pig crop estimates for June 2015 through March 2016 were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and updated import and export data. The net revision made to the December 2015 all hogs and pigs inventory was 0.8 percent. A revision of 1.9 percent was made to the September-November 2015 pig crop. A revision of 0.3 percent was made to the March 2016 all hogs and pigs inventory.
For a full copy of the Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report please visit www.nass.usda.gov. For state specific questions please contact:
- Arizona – Dave DeWalt 1-800-645-7286
- Colorado – William R. Meyer 1-800-392-3202
- Montana – Eric Sommer 1-800-835-2612
- Utah – John Hilton 1-800-747-8522
- Wyoming – Rhonda Brandt 1-800-892-1660