USDA-NASS: Crop Production Report for May 10, 2016…

USDA NASS BannerCrop Production

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released May 10, 2016, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

Winter Wheat Production Up 4 Percent from 2015
Orange Production Up 4 Percent from April Forecast

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.43 billion bushels, up 4 percent
from 2015. As of May 1, the United States yield is forecast at 47.8 bushels
per acre, up 5.3 bushels from last year. If realized, this will equal the
record yield set in 1999.

Hard Red Winter production, at 863 million bushels, is up 4 percent from a
year ago. Soft Red Winter, at 357 million bushels, is down nearly 1 percent
from 2015. White Winter, at 208 million bushels, is up 13 percent from last
year. Of the White Winter production, 17.4 million bushels are Hard White and
191 million bushels are Soft White.

The United States all orange forecast for the 2015-2016 season is
5.82 million tons, up 4 percent from the previous forecast but down 9 percent
from the 2014-2015 final utilization. The Florida all orange forecast, at
81.1 million boxes (3.65 million tons), is up 7 percent from last month’s
forecast but down 16 percent from last season’s final utilization. Early,
midseason, and Navel varieties in Florida are forecast at 36.1 million boxes
(1.63 million tons), up slightly from last month but down 24 percent from
last season’s final utilization. The Florida Valencia orange forecast, at
45.0 million boxes (2.03 million tons), is up 13 percent from last month but
down 9 percent from last season’s final utilization.

Florida frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) yield forecast for the
2015-2016 season is 1.41 gallons per box at 42.0 degrees Brix, down 1 percent
from the previous month’s forecast and down 6 percent from last season’s
final yield of 1.50 gallons per box. The early and midseason portion is final
at 1.35 gallons per box, down 5 percent from last season’s final yield of
1.42 gallons per box. The Valencia portion is projected at
1.48 gallons per box, down 3 percent from the previous forecast and
down 6 percent from last year’s final yield of 1.58 gallons per box. All
projections of yield assume the processing relationships this season will be
similar to those of the past several seasons.

This report was approved on May 10, 2016.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Michael T. Scuse

Agricultural Statistics Board
Acting Chairperson
Hubert Hamer

Contents

Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2015 and Forecasted
May 1, 2016………………………………………………………………………………………..  5

Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2015 and Forecasted
May 1, 2016………………………………………………………………………………………..  6

Wheat Production by Class – United States: 2015 and Forecasted May 1, 2016………………………………..  6

Hay Stocks on Farms – States and United States: December 1 and May 1, 2014-2016……………………………  7

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop – States and United States: 2014-2015 and Forecasted
May 1, 2016………………………………………………………………………………………..  9

Spring Potato Area Planted, Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2015 and Forecasted
May 1, 2016……………………………………………………………………………………….. 10

Peach Production by Type – California: 2014, 2015, and Forecasted May 1, 2016…………………………….. 10

Almonds Utilized Production – California: 2014, 2015 and Forecasted May 1, 2016…………………………… 10

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2014 and 2015……………………. 11

Tobacco Price and Value – States and United States: 2014 and 2015……………………………………….. 11

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, Production, Price, and Value by Class and Type – States and United States:
2014 and 2015……………………………………………………………………………………… 12

Cotton Area Planted, Harvested, and Yield by Type – States and United States: 2014 and 2015………………… 14

Cotton Production and Bales Ginned by Type – States and United States: 2014 and 2015………………………. 15

Cottonseed Production and Farm Disposition – States and United States: 2014 and 2015………………………. 16

Cotton Harvest Loss per Acre – Selected States: 2011-2015………………………………………………. 16

Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts – Selected States: 2011-2015……………………………………………… 17

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units – United States: 2015 and 2016……… 18

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units – United States: 2015 and 2016……….. 20

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units – United States: 2015 and 2016………………………………. 22

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units – United States: 2015 and 2016………………………………… 23

Percent of Normal Precipitation Map………………………………………………………………….. 24

Departure from Normal Temperature Map………………………………………………………………… 24

April Weather Summary………………………………………………………………………………. 25

April Agricultural Summary………………………………………………………………………….. 25

Crop Comments……………………………………………………………………………………… 27

Statistical Methodology…………………………………………………………………………….. 30

Information Contacts……………………………………………………………………………….. 32

Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States:
2015 and Forecasted May 1, 2016
———————————————————————————
:   Area harvested    : Yield per acre  :     Production
State       :————————————————————-
:   2015   :   2016   :  2015  :  2016  :   2015   :   2016
———————————————————————————
:  — 1,000 acres —     — bushels —   — 1,000 bushels —
:
Arkansas ……….:     240        150     56.0     53.0      13,440      7,950
California ……..:     150        200     70.0     78.0      10,500     15,600
Colorado ……….:   2,140      1,950     37.0     38.0      79,180     74,100
Idaho ………….:     700        700     82.0     84.0      57,400     58,800
Illinois ……….:     520        520     65.0     68.0      33,800     35,360
Indiana ………..:     260        320     68.0     73.0      17,680     23,360
Kansas …………:   8,700      8,200     37.0     43.0     321,900    352,600
Kentucky ……….:     440        410     73.0     74.0      32,120     30,340
Maryland ……….:     270        250     64.0     70.0      17,280     17,500
Michigan ……….:     475        560     81.0     84.0      38,475     47,040
:
Mississippi …….:     120         70     48.0     55.0       5,760      3,850
Missouri ……….:     610        580     53.0     59.0      32,330     34,220
Montana ………..:   2,220      2,100     41.0     41.0      91,020     86,100
Nebraska ……….:   1,210      1,250     38.0     49.0      45,980     61,250
North Carolina ….:     570        410     53.0     51.0      30,210     20,910
North Dakota ……:     190        130     44.0     50.0       8,360      6,500
Ohio …………..:     480        550     67.0     74.0      32,160     40,700
Oklahoma ……….:   3,800      3,300     26.0     32.0      98,800    105,600
Oregon …………:     735        675     47.0     57.0      34,545     38,475
South Dakota ……:     970      1,050     44.0     52.0      42,680     54,600
:
Tennessee ………:     395        380     68.0     72.0      26,860     27,360
Texas ………….:   3,550      2,800     30.0     30.0     106,500     84,000
Virginia ……….:     210        185     66.0     63.0      13,860     11,655
Washington ……..:   1,590      1,650     56.0     64.0      89,040    105,600
Wisconsin ………:     210        270     74.0     76.0      15,540     20,520
:
Other States 1/ …:   1,502      1,171     49.8     53.9      74,768     63,094
:
United States …..:  32,257     29,831     42.5     47.8   1,370,188  1,427,084
———————————————————————————
1/ Other States include Alabama, Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa,
Louisiana, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania,
South Carolina, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming. Individual State level
estimates will be published in the “Small Grains 2016 Summary” report.

Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States:
2015 and Forecasted May 1, 2016
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun. Area
harvested for the United States and remaining States will be published in
“Acreage” released June 2016. Yield and production will be published in “Crop
Production” released July 2016]
——————————————————————————
:   Area harvested    : Yield per acre  :     Production
State     :————————————————————-
:   2015   :   2016   :  2015  :  2016  :   2015   :   2016
——————————————————————————
:    1,000 acres        — bushels —       1,000 bushels
:
Arizona ……..:    140        89      101.0    106.0     14,140     9,434
California …..:     60        55      103.0    111.0      6,180     6,105
Montana ……..:    605                 31.0              18,755
North Dakota …:  1,075                 39.5              42,463
:
Other States 1/ :     16                 59.1                 946
:
United States ..:  1,896                 43.5              82,484
——————————————————————————
1/ Other States include Idaho and South Dakota. Individual State level
estimates will be published in the “Small Grains 2016 Summary”.

Wheat Production by Class – United States: 2015 and Forecasted May 1, 2016
[Wheat class estimates are based on the latest available data including both surveys and
administrative data. The previous end-of-year season class percentages are used throughout the
forecast season for States that do not have survey or administrative data available]
———————————————————————————————–
Crop        :                2015                :                2016
———————————————————————————————–
:                              1,000 bushels
:
Winter               :
Hard red …………:               826,913                             862,522
Soft red …………:               359,055                             356,569
Hard white ……….:                15,914                              17,386
Soft white ……….:               168,306                             190,607
:
Spring               :
Hard red …………:               564,107
Hard white ……….:                 5,526
Soft white ……….:                29,447
Durum ……………:                82,484
:
Total …………   :             2,051,752
———————————————————————————————–

Hay Stocks on Farms – States and United States: December 1
and May 1, 2014-2016
————————————————————-
:      December 1       :        May 1
State     :———————————————
:   2014    :   2015    :   2015   :   2016
————————————————————-
:                 1,000 tons
:
Alabama …….:   1,495       1,600         210        265
Arizona …….:     320         310          40         55
Arkansas ……:   2,050       1,750         540        530
California ….:   1,750       1,900         320        340
Colorado ……:   1,800       1,900         600        800
Connecticut …:      48          45           7          4
Delaware ……:      28          20           2          2
Florida …….:     570         560          42         55
Georgia …….:   1,030       1,100         195        195
Idaho ………:   2,250       2,500         900        950
:
Illinois ……:   1,300       1,120         300        300
Indiana …….:   1,070         760         320        185
Iowa ……….:   2,950       3,280         700        620
Kansas ……..:   3,700       5,100       1,120      1,350
Kentucky ……:   3,300       4,150         610        800
Louisiana …..:     820         620         185        150
Maine ………:     130         139          26         26
Maryland ……:     285         370          70         78
Massachusetts .:      50          56           7         14
Michigan ……:   2,000       1,800         490        440
:
Minnesota …..:   3,050       3,150         720        770
Mississippi …:     900         950         165        145
Missouri ……:   5,500       5,600       1,650      1,585
Montana …….:   4,600       3,700       1,300      1,025
Nebraska ……:   4,600       5,100       1,250      1,450
Nevada ……..:     751         550         230        215
New Hampshire .:      43          42           7          6
New Jersey ….:     118          80           7         20
New Mexico ….:     435         400         110        115
New York ……:   1,330       1,265         243        189
:
North Carolina :   1,300       1,120         265        260
North Dakota ..:   5,400       5,100       1,520      1,450
Ohio ……….:   1,550       1,490         430        355
Oklahoma ……:   5,100       5,450       1,440      1,450
Oregon ……..:   1,640       2,000         375        440
Pennsylvania ..:   1,720       2,100         265        390
Rhode Island ..:       7           6           1          1
South Carolina :     370         360          80         75
South Dakota ..:   6,000       6,600       2,300      2,200
Tennessee …..:   3,050       3,100         630        550
:
Texas ………:   7,500       8,000       2,300      2,500
Utah ……….:   1,190       1,150         430        410
Vermont …….:     182         150          35         35
Virginia ……:   1,950       2,000         370        420
Washington ….:   1,450       1,400         270        400
West Virginia .:     910         850         220        190
Wisconsin …..:   2,960       2,900         730        810
Wyoming …….:   1,500       1,300         490        525
:
United States .:  92,052      94,993      24,517     25,140
————————————————————-

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Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop – States and United States: 2014-2015 and
Forecasted May 1, 2016
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the completion of harvest the
following year]
————————————————————————————————————–
:     Utilized production boxes 1/      :  Utilized production ton equivalent
Crop and State        :——————————————————————————-
:     2014-2015     :     2015-2016     :     2014-2015     :     2015-2016
————————————————————————————————————–
:      ——- 1,000 boxes ——-              ——- 1,000 tons ——
Oranges                       :
California, all 2/ ………..:       48,600              52,500              1,944               2,100
Early, mid, and Navel 2/ 3/ .:       39,100              42,000              1,564               1,680
Valencia 2/ ……………..:        9,500              10,500                380                 420
:
Florida, all ……………..:       96,950              81,100              4,363               3,650
Early, mid, and Navel 3/ ….:       47,400              36,100              2,133               1,625
Valencia ………………..:       49,550              45,000              2,230               2,025
:
Texas, all 2/ …………….:        1,452               1,570                 62                  66
Early, mid, and Navel 2/ 3/ .:        1,170               1,350                 50                  57
Valencia 2/ ……………..:          282                 220                 12                   9
:
United States, all ………..:      147,002             135,170              6,369               5,816
Early, mid, and Navel 3/ ….:       87,670              79,450              3,747               3,362
Valencia ………………..:       59,332              55,720              2,622               2,454
:
Grapefruit                    :
California 2/ …………….:        4,300               3,900                172                 156
Florida, all ……………..:       12,900              10,850                548                 461
Red …………………….:        9,650               8,350                410                 355
White …………………..:        3,250               2,500                138                 106
Texas 2/ …………………:        4,250               5,200                170                 208
:
United States …………….:       21,450              19,950                890                 825
:
Tangerines and mandarins      :
Arizona 4/ 5/ …………….:          170                (NA)                  7                (NA)
California 2/ 4/ ………….:       18,500              22,000                740                 880
Florida ………………….:        2,265               1,420                108                  67
:
United States …………….:       20,935              23,420                855                 947
:
Lemons 2/                     :
Arizona ………………….:        2,000               1,500                 80                  60
California ……………….:       20,600              21,000                824                 840
:
United States …………….:       22,600              22,500                904                 900
:
Tangelos                      :
Florida ………………….:          665                 390                 30                  18
————————————————————————————————————–
(NA) Not available.
1/   Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; grapefruit in California-80,
Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in Arizona and California-80, Florida-95; lemons-80;
tangelos-90.
2/   Estimates for current year carried forward from previous forecast.
3/   Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and midseason varieties in
Florida and Texas. Small quantities of Temples in Florida.
4/   Includes tangelos and tangors.
5/   Estimates discontinued in 2015-2016.

Spring Potato Area Planted, Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2015 and Forecasted May 1, 2016
—————————————————————————————————————————-
:      Area planted       :     Area harvested      :     Yield per acre      :       Production
State       :——————————————————————————————————-
:    2015    :    2016    :    2015    :    2016    :    2015    :    2016    :    2015    :    2016
—————————————————————————————————————————-
:    —————- 1,000 acres —————        —— cwt ——        —- 1,000 cwt —-
:
Arizona 1/ ………:     3.6          (NA)         3.5          (NA)        290          (NA)         1,015         (NA)
California ………:    23.0          25.0        22.7          24.7        430           410         9,761       10,127
Florida …………:    30.0          27.0        29.6          26.2        230           250         6,808        6,550
North Carolina 2/ ..:    13.5          (NA)        12.7          (NA)        210          (NA)         2,667         (NA)
:
United States ……:    70.1          52.0        68.5          50.9        296           328        20,251       16,677
—————————————————————————————————————————-
(NA) Not available.
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2016.
2/   Beginning in 2016, North Carolina estimates included with summer states.

Peach Production by Type – California: 2014, 2015, and Forecasted May 1, 2016
——————————————————————————–
:                  Total production
Type           :—————————————————–
:      2014       :      2015       :      2016
——————————————————————————–
:                        tons
:
Freestone …………….:     288,000           253,000           260,000
:
Clingstone 1/ …………:     332,000           306,000           320,000
:
Total ………………..:     620,000           559,000           580,000
——————————————————————————–
1/ California Clingstone is over-the-scale tonnage and includes culls and
cannery diversions.

Almonds Utilized Production – California: 2014, 2015 and Forecasted May 1, 2016
——————————————————————————–
:            Utilized production (shelled basis)
State       :———————————————————–
:       2014        :       2015        :       2016
——————————————————————————–
:                       1,000 pounds
:
California ………:     1,870,000           1,890,000           2,000,000
——————————————————————————–

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2014 and 2015
———————————————————————————————
:    Area harvested     : Yield per acre  :       Production
State          :——————————————————————-
:   2014    :   2015    :  2014  :  2015  :    2014    :    2015
———————————————————————————————
:  —— acres ——    — pounds —     — 1,000 pounds —
:
Connecticut ………….:      (D)         (D)      (D)      (D)         (D)          (D)
Georgia ……………..:   15,000      13,500    2,300    2,400      34,500       32,400
Kentucky …………….:   91,700      72,900    2,337    2,055     214,280      149,830
Massachusetts ………..:      (D)         (D)      (D)      (D)         (D)          (D)
North Carolina ……….:  193,400     173,000    2,347    2,198     453,860      380,250
Ohio ………………..:    2,000       1,900    2,150    1,900       4,300        3,610
Pennsylvania …………:    9,100       7,900    2,445    2,290      22,250       18,090
South Carolina ……….:   15,800      13,000    2,100    2,000      33,180       26,000
Tennessee ……………:   24,250      20,900    2,151    2,333      52,155       48,770
Virginia …………….:   24,330      23,050    2,370    2,275      57,651       52,430
:
Other States 1/ ………:    2,780       2,500    1,525    1,826       4,239        4,566
:
United States ………..:  378,360     328,650    2,316    2,178     876,415      715,946
———————————————————————————————
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
1/  Includes data withheld above.

Tobacco Price and Value – States and United States: 2014 and 2015
——————————————————————————————————–
:         Price per pound         :       Value of production
State               :——————————————————————-
:      2014      :      2015      :     2014      :      2015
——————————————————————————————————–
:    ——– dollars ——-         —— 1,000 dollars —–
:
Connecticut ……………………:        (D)              (D)               (D)              (D)
Georgia ……………………….:      2.070            1.890            71,415           61,236
Kentucky ………………………:      2.091            2.120           448,132          317,663
Massachusetts ………………….:        (D)              (D)               (D)              (D)
North Carolina …………………:      2.009            1.850           911,833          703,648
Ohio ………………………….:      1.960            1.900             8,428            6,859
Pennsylvania …………………..:      1.925            1.973            42,833           35,688
South Carolina …………………:      2.110            1.880            70,010           48,880
Tennessee ……………………..:      2.325            2.354           121,244          114,804
Virginia ………………………:      2.075            2.028           119,636          106,353
:
Other States 1/ ………………..:      9.855            8.534            41,777           38,968
:
United States ………………….:      2.094            2.003         1,835,308        1,434,099
——————————————————————————————————–
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
1/ Includes data withheld above.

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, Production, Price, and Value by Class and Type – States and
United States: 2014 and 2015
———————————————————————————————–
:  Area harvested   :Yield per acre :    Production
Class, type, and State        :——————————————————-
:  2014   :  2015   : 2014  : 2015  :  2014   :  2015
———————————————————————————————–
: —– acres —–   — pounds —      1,000 pounds
:
Class 1, Flue-cured (11-14)            :
Georgia ………………………….:  15,000    13,500   2,300   2,400    34,500    32,400
North Carolina ……………………: 192,000   172,000   2,350   2,200   451,200   378,400
South Carolina ……………………:  15,800    13,000   2,100   2,000    33,180    26,000
Virginia …………………………:  22,500    21,500   2,400   2,300    54,000    49,450
:
United States …………………….: 245,300   220,000   2,335   2,210   572,880   486,250
:
Class 2, Fire-cured (21-23)            :
Kentucky …………………………:  10,700     9,900   3,400   3,200    36,380    31,680
Tennessee ………………………..:   7,600     7,700   2,900   3,100    22,040    23,870
Virginia …………………………:     330       250   2,200   2,300       726       575
:
United States …………………….:  18,630    17,850   3,175   3,144    59,146    56,125
:
Class 3A, Light air-cured              :
Type 31, Burley                        :
Kentucky ……………………….:  76,000    58,000   2,150   1,800   163,400   104,400
North Carolina ………………….:   1,400     1,000   1,900   1,850     2,660     1,850
Ohio …………………………..:   2,000     1,900   2,150   1,900     4,300     3,610
Pennsylvania ……………………:   5,100     4,700   2,500   2,300    12,750    10,810
Tennessee ………………………:  15,500    12,000   1,750   1,800    27,125    21,600
Virginia ……………………….:   1,500     1,300   1,950   1,850     2,925     2,405
:
United States …………………..: 101,500    78,900   2,100   1,834   213,160   144,675
:
Type 32, Southern Maryland Belt        :
Pennsylvania ……………………:   2,000     1,600   2,350   2,200     4,700     3,520
:
Total light air-cured (31-32) ……   : 103,500    80,500   2,105   1,841   217,860   148,195
:
Class 3B, Dark air-cured (35-37)       :
Kentucky …………………………:   5,000     5,000   2,900   2,750    14,500    13,750
Tennessee ………………………..:   1,150     1,200   2,600   2,750     2,990     3,300
:
United States …………………….:   6,150     6,200   2,844   2,750    17,490    17,050
:
Class 4, Cigar filler                  :
Pennsylvania ……………………:   2,000     1,600   2,400   2,350     4,800     3,760
:
Class 5, Cigar binder                  :
Type 51, Connecticut Valley Broadleaf  :
Connecticut …………………….:     (D)       (D)     (D)     (D)       (D)       (D)
Massachusetts …………………..:     (D)       (D)     (D)     (D)       (D)       (D)
:
United States …………………..:     (D)       (D)     (D)     (D)       (D)       (D)
:
Class 6, Cigar wrapper                 :
Type 61, Connecticut Valley Shade-grown:
Connecticut …………………….:     (D)       (D)     (D)     (D)       (D)       (D)
Massachusetts …………………..:     (D)       (D)     (D)     (D)       (D)       (D)
:
United States …………………..:     (D)       (D)     (D)     (D)       (D)       (D)
:
Other Cigar Types (51-61) ………….:   2,780     2,500   1,525   1,826     4,239     4,566
:
Total cigar types (41-61) ……….   :   4,780     4,100   1,891   2,031     9,039     8,326
:
All tobacco                            :
United States …………………….: 378,360   328,650   2,316   2,178   876,415   715,946
———————————————————————————————–
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                    –continued

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, Production, Price, and Value by Class and Type – States and
United States: 2014 and 2015 (continued)
———————————————————————————————-
:     Price per pound     :    Value of production
Class, type, and State         :—————————————————–
:    2014    :    2015    :    2014     :    2015
———————————————————————————————-
:  —— dollars —–      —- 1,000 dollars —-
:
Class 1, Flue-cured (11-14)             :
Georgia …………………………..:    2.070        1.890         71,415        61,236
North Carolina …………………….:    2.010        1.850        906,912       700,040
South Carolina …………………….:    2.110        1.880         70,010        48,880
Virginia ………………………….:    2.080        2.030        112,320       100,384
:
United States ……………………..:    2.026        1.873      1,160,657       910,540
:
Class 2, Fire-cured (21-23)             :
Kentucky ………………………….:    2.660        2.680         96,771        84,902
Tennessee …………………………:    2.710        2.700         59,728        64,449
Virginia ………………………….:    2.180        2.140          1,583         1,231
:
United States ……………………..:    2.673        2.683        158,082       150,582
:
Class 3A, Light air-cured               :
Type 31, Burley                         :
Kentucky ………………………..:    1.940        1.920        316,996       200,448
North Carolina …………………..:    1.850        1.950          4,921         3,608
Ohio ……………………………:    1.960        1.900          8,428         6,859
Pennsylvania …………………….:    1.850        1.950         23,588        21,080
Tennessee ……………………….:    2.000        1.960         54,250        42,336
Virginia ………………………..:    1.960        1.970          5,733         4,738
:
United States ……………………:    1.942        1.929        413,916       279,069
:
Type 32, Southern Maryland              :
Pennsylvania …………………….:    1.950        1.800          9,165         6,336
:
Total light air-cured (31-32) …….   :    1.942        1.926        423,081       285,405
:
Class 3B, Dark air-cured (35-37)        :
Kentucky ………………………….:    2.370        2.350         34,365        32,313
Tennessee …………………………:    2.430        2.430          7,266         8,019
:
United States ……………………..:    2.380        2.366         41,631        40,332
:
Class 4, Cigar filler                   :
Pennsylvania …………………….:    2.100        2.200         10,080         8,272
:
Class 5, Cigar binder                   :
Type 51, Connecticut Valley Broadleaf   :
Connecticut ……………………..:      (D)          (D)            (D)           (D)
Massachusetts ……………………:      (D)          (D)            (D)           (D)
:
United States ……………………:      (D)          (D)            (D)           (D)
:
Class 6, Cigar wrapper                  :
Type 61, Connecticut Valley Shade-grown :
Connecticut ……………………..:      (D)          (D)            (D)           (D)
Massachusetts ……………………:      (D)          (D)            (D)           (D)
:
United States ……………………:      (D)          (D)            (D)           (D)
:
Other Cigar Types (51-61) …………..:    9.855        8.534         41,777        38,968
:
Total cigar types (41-61) ………..   :    5.737        5.674         51,857        47,240
:
All tobacco                             :
United States ……………………..:    2.094        2.003      1,835,308     1,434,099
———————————————————————————————-
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.

Cotton Area Planted, Harvested, and Yield by Type – States and United States:
2014 and 2015
—————————————————————————————
:     Area planted      :    Area harvested     :   Yield per acre
Type and State :———————————————————————
:   2014    :   2015    :   2014    :   2015    :   2014   :   2015
—————————————————————————————
: —————- 1,000 acres —————     —- pounds —-
:
Upland           :
Alabama ………:    350.0       315.0       348.0       307.0       901        866
Arizona ………:    150.0        89.0       149.0        88.0     1,579      1,511
Arkansas ……..:    335.0       210.0       330.0       207.0     1,145      1,092
California ……:     57.0        47.0        56.0        46.0     1,834      1,722
Florida ………:    107.0        85.0       105.0        83.0       878        885
Georgia ………:  1,380.0     1,130.0     1,370.0     1,120.0       900        966
Kansas ……….:     31.0        16.0        29.0        16.0       794      1,050
Louisiana …….:    170.0       115.0       168.0       112.0     1,154        810
Mississippi …..:    425.0       320.0       420.0       315.0     1,232      1,024
Missouri ……..:    250.0       185.0       245.0       175.0     1,117      1,097
:
New Mexico ……:     43.0        35.0        33.0        31.0       931        929
North Carolina ..:    465.0       385.0       460.0       355.0     1,038        713
Oklahoma ……..:    240.0       215.0       210.0       205.0       615        876
South Carolina ..:    280.0       235.0       278.0       136.0       912        547
Tennessee …….:    275.0       155.0       270.0       140.0       878      1,046
Texas ………..:  6,200.0     4,800.0     4,600.0     4,500.0       644        610
Virginia ……..:     87.0        85.0        86.0        84.0     1,239        817
:
United States …: 10,845.0     8,422.0     9,157.0     7,920.0       826        755
:
American Pima    :
Arizona ………:     15.0        17.5        14.5        17.0       993        875
California ……:    155.0       117.0       154.0       116.0     1,558      1,494
New Mexico ……:      5.4         7.0         5.3         6.9       761        904
Texas ………..:     17.0        17.0        16.0        15.0       840        896
:
United States …:    192.4       158.5       189.8       154.9     1,432      1,342
:
All              :
Alabama ………:    350.0       315.0       348.0       307.0       901        866
Arizona ………:    165.0       106.5       163.5       105.0     1,527      1,408
Arkansas ……..:    335.0       210.0       330.0       207.0     1,145      1,092
California ……:    212.0       164.0       210.0       162.0     1,632      1,559
Florida ………:    107.0        85.0       105.0        83.0       878        885
Georgia ………:  1,380.0     1,130.0     1,370.0     1,120.0       900        966
Kansas ……….:     31.0        16.0        29.0        16.0       794      1,050
Louisiana …….:    170.0       115.0       168.0       112.0     1,154        810
Mississippi …..:    425.0       320.0       420.0       315.0     1,232      1,024
Missouri ……..:    250.0       185.0       245.0       175.0     1,117      1,097
:
New Mexico ……:     48.4        42.0        38.3        37.9       907        925
North Carolina ..:    465.0       385.0       460.0       355.0     1,038        713
Oklahoma ……..:    240.0       215.0       210.0       205.0       615        876
South Carolina ..:    280.0       235.0       278.0       136.0       912        547
Tennessee …….:    275.0       155.0       270.0       140.0       878      1,046
Texas ………..:  6,217.0     4,817.0     4,616.0     4,515.0       645        611
Virginia ……..:     87.0        85.0        86.0        84.0     1,239        817
:
United States …: 11,037.4     8,580.5     9,346.8     8,074.9       838        766
—————————————————————————————

Cotton Production and Bales Ginned by Type – States and United States: 2014 and 2015
—————————————————————————————
:     Production in     :                   :     Bales ginned in
Type and State : 480-pound net weight  :     Lint seed     :  480-pound net weight
:       bales 1/        :     ratio 2/      :        bales 3/
:———————————————————————
:   2014    :   2015    :  2014   :  2015   :    2014    :    2015
—————————————————————————————
: —- 1,000 bales —   —— ratio —–   ——– bales ——–
:
Upland           :
Alabama ………:    653.0       554.0       (NA)      (NA)      658,400      545,500
Arizona ………:    490.0       277.0       (NA)      (NA)      466,850      267,750
Arkansas ……..:    787.0       471.0       (NA)      (NA)      818,200      491,050
California ……:    214.0       165.0       (NA)      (NA)      238,750      175,250
Florida ………:    192.0       153.0       (NA)      (NA)      142,100      113,950
Georgia ………:  2,570.0     2,255.0       (NA)      (NA)    2,614,800    2,294,300
Kansas ……….:     48.0        35.0       (NA)      (NA)       50,800       37,800
Louisiana …….:    404.0       189.0       (NA)      (NA)      411,900      196,850
Mississippi …..:  1,078.0       672.0       (NA)      (NA)      991,800      629,150
Missouri ……..:    570.0       400.0       (NA)      (NA)      590,900      414,050
:
New Mexico ……:     64.0        60.0       (NA)      (NA)       35,450       19,200
North Carolina ..:    995.0       527.0       (NA)      (NA)    1,051,250      540,750
Oklahoma ……..:    269.0       374.0       (NA)      (NA)      246,550      350,650
South Carolina ..:    528.0       155.0       (NA)      (NA)      486,050      142,850
Tennessee …….:    494.0       305.0       (NA)      (NA)      506,900      308,000
Texas ………..:  6,175.0     5,720.0       (NA)      (NA)    6,214,250    5,771,000
Virginia ……..:    222.0       143.0       (NA)      (NA)      203,300      136,000
:
United States …: 15,753.0    12,455.0       (NA)      (NA)   15,728,250   12,434,100
:
American Pima    :
Arizona ………:     30.0        31.0       (NA)      (NA)       30,300       31,300
California ……:    500.0       361.0       (NA)      (NA)      498,950      360,650
New Mexico ……:      8.4        13.0       (NA)      (NA)        9,600       14,600
Texas ………..:     28.0        28.0       (NA)      (NA)       26,700       26,000
:
United States …:    566.4       433.0       (NA)      (NA)      565,550      432,550
:
All              :
Alabama ………:    653.0       554.0       (NA)      (NA)      658,400      545,500
Arizona ………:    520.0       308.0       (NA)      (NA)      497,150      299,050
Arkansas ……..:    787.0       471.0      0.406     0.419      818,200      491,050
California ……:    714.0       526.0       (NA)      (NA)      737,700      535,900
Florida ………:    192.0       153.0       (NA)      (NA)      142,100      113,950
Georgia ………:  2,570.0     2,255.0      0.454     0.468    2,614,800    2,294,300
Kansas ……….:     48.0        35.0       (NA)      (NA)       50,800       37,800
Louisiana …….:    404.0       189.0      0.415     0.425      411,900      196,850
Mississippi …..:  1,078.0       672.0      0.438     0.429      991,800      629,150
Missouri ……..:    570.0       400.0       (NA)      (NA)      590,900      414,050
:
New Mexico ……:     72.4        73.0       (NA)      (NA)       45,050       33,800
North Carolina ..:    995.0       527.0      0.442     0.448    1,051,250      540,750
Oklahoma ……..:    269.0       374.0       (NA)      (NA)      246,550      350,650
South Carolina ..:    528.0       155.0       (NA)      (NA)      486,050      142,850
Tennessee …….:    494.0       305.0       (NA)      (NA)      506,900      308,000
Texas ………..:  6,203.0     5,748.0      0.433     0.428    6,240,950    5,797,000
Virginia ……..:    222.0       143.0       (NA)      (NA)      203,300      136,000
:
United States …: 16,319.4    12,888.0       (NA)      (NA)   16,293,800   12,866,650
—————————————————————————————
(NA) Not available.
1/   Production ginned and to be ginned.
2/   Estimates available only for the 6 States shown.
3/   Equivalent 480-pound net weight bales ginned, not adjusted for cross-state
movement.

Cottonseed Production and Farm Disposition – States and United States: 2014 and 2015
—————————————————————————————–
:                   :         Farm disposition          :        :
:                   :———————————–:    Seed for
:    Production     :    Sales to     :                 :   planting 2/
State     :                   :    oil mills    :    Other 1/     :        :
:————————————————————————-
:  2014   :  2015   :  2014  :  2015  :  2014  :  2015  :  2014  :  2015
—————————————————————————————–
:                               1,000 tons
:
Alabama …….:   193.0     162.0     40.0     22.0    153.0    140.0     1.5      1.8
Arizona …….:   180.0      98.0        –        –    180.0     98.0     0.9      0.9
Arkansas ……:   275.0     156.0    191.0    106.0     84.0     50.0     1.4      1.8
California ….:   267.0     199.0     48.0     31.0    219.0    168.0     1.2      1.6
Florida …….:    53.0      41.0     41.0     31.0     12.0     10.0     0.5      0.4
Georgia …….:   740.0     615.0    304.0    266.0    436.0    349.0     5.3      5.6
Kansas ……..:    15.0      11.0        –        –     15.0     11.0     0.1      0.1
Louisiana …..:   136.0      61.0    106.0     47.0     30.0     14.0     0.8      1.0
Mississippi …:   333.0     215.0    216.0    122.0    117.0     93.0     2.5      2.9
Missouri ……:   200.0     154.0    140.0    102.0     60.0     52.0     1.1      1.5
:
New Mexico ….:    24.0      24.0        –        –     24.0     24.0     0.3      0.3
North Carolina :   302.0     156.0     50.0     28.0    252.0    128.0     2.4      1.9
Oklahoma ……:    87.0     121.0     63.0     84.0     24.0     37.0     1.4      1.5
South Carolina :   156.0      43.0     72.0     17.0     84.0     26.0     1.1      1.1
Tennessee …..:   152.0     105.0    132.0     89.0     20.0     16.0     1.1      1.5
Texas ………: 1,946.0   1,844.0  1,046.0    964.0    900.0    880.0    33.7     29.3
Virginia ……:    66.0      38.0     10.0      7.0     56.0     31.0     0.5      0.5
:
United States .: 5,125.0   4,043.0  2,459.0  1,916.0  2,666.0  2,127.0    55.8     53.7
—————————————————————————————–
–  Represents zero.
1/ Includes planting seed, feed, exports, inter-farm sales, shrinkage, losses, and other
uses.
2/ Included in “other” farm disposition. Seed for planting is produced in crop year
shown, but used in the following year.

Cotton Objective Yield Data

The National Agricultural Statistics Service conducted objective yield
surveys in six cotton-producing States during 2015. Randomly selected plots
in cotton fields were visited monthly from August through harvest to obtain
specific counts and measurements. Data in this table are actual field counts
from this survey.

Cotton Harvest Loss per Acre – Selected States: 2011-2015
——————————————————————————–
:            :           :            :            :
State     :    2011    :   2012    :    2013    :    2014    :    2015
——————————————————————————–
:                            pounds
:
Arkansas …….:     93          110         125          176           69
Georgia ……..:     99          158         158          184          197
Louisiana ……:    148          212         152          149           83
Mississippi ….:    100          110         128          103           80
North Carolina .:    277          119          99          109          163
Texas ……….:     66           41          68           43           36
——————————————————————————–

Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts – Selected States: 2011-2015
[Includes small bolls (less than one inch in diameter), large unopened bolls
(at least one inch in diameter), open bolls, partially opened bolls, and burrs
per 40 feet of row. November, December, and Final exclude small bolls. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
——————————————————————————–
:           :           :           :           :
State and month  :   2011    :   2012    :   2013    :   2014    :   2015
——————————————————————————–
:                          number
:
Arkansas            :
September ……….:    901         841        1,025        910         763
October …………:    845         852         (NA)        741         769
November ………..:    867         856          855        771         856
December ………..:    868         856          862        773         856
Final …………..:    868         856          862        773         856
:
Georgia             :
September ……….:    531         656          481        660         645
October …………:    577         646         (NA)        660         630
November ………..:    659         756          663        717         748
December ………..:    665         768          669        718         759
Final …………..:    666         768          670        719         759
:
Louisiana           :
September ……….:    938         855          806        745         676
October …………:    948         880         (NA)        876         776
November ………..:    949         900          857        877         794
December ………..:    949         900          857        877         793
Final …………..:    949         900          857        877         793
:
Mississippi         :
September ……….:    898         883          925        843         887
October …………:    848         855         (NA)        808         839
November ………..:    874         896          906        861         898
December ………..:    875         896          907        861         898
Final …………..:    875         892          907        861         898
:
North Carolina      :
September ……….:    553         727          532        604         551
October …………:    610         739         (NA)        629         620
November ………..:    646         865          636        765         624
December ………..:    646         872          668        764         632
Final …………..:    646         872          668        764         632
:
Texas               :
September ……….:    540         535          547        485         566
October …………:    478         443         (NA)        373         442
November ………..:    515         522          517        453         481
December ………..:    520         549          526        461         492
Final …………..:    520         552          525        482         495
——————————————————————————–
(NA) Not available.

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units –
United States: 2015 and 2016
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2016 crop year. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
—————————————————————————————-
:     Area planted      :    Area harvested
Crop                  :———————————————–
:   2015    :   2016    :   2015    :   2016
—————————————————————————————-
:                  1,000 acres
:
Grains and hay                          :
Barley ……………………………:    3,558       3,140       3,109
Corn for grain 1/ ………………….:   87,999      93,601      80,749
Corn for silage ……………………:     (NA)                   6,221
Hay, all ………………………….:     (NA)        (NA)      54,437     54,305
Alfalfa …………………………:     (NA)                  17,778
All other ……………………….:     (NA)                  36,659
Oats ……………………………..:    3,088       2,751       1,276
Proso millet ………………………:      445                     418
Rice ……………………………..:    2,614       3,064       2,575
Rye ………………………………:    1,569                     360
Sorghum for grain 1/ ……………….:    8,459       7,216       7,851
Sorghum for silage …………………:     (NA)                     306
Wheat, all ………………………..:   54,644      49,559      47,094
Winter ………………………….:   39,461      36,216      32,257     29,831
Durum …………………………..:    1,936       1,995       1,896
Other spring …………………….:   13,247      11,348      12,941
:
Oilseeds                                :
Canola ……………………………:  1,777.0     1,747.5     1,714.5
Cottonseed ………………………..:      (X)                     (X)
Flaxseed ………………………….:      463         390         456
Mustard seed ………………………:     44.0                    40.1
Peanuts …………………………..:  1,625.0     1,476.0     1,567.0
Rapeseed ………………………….:      1.2                     1.1
Safflower …………………………:    168.2                   159.1
Soybeans for beans …………………:   82,650      82,236      81,814
Sunflower …………………………:  1,859.1     1,693.4     1,799.4
:
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :
Cotton, all ……………………….:  8,580.5     9,562.0     8,074.9
Upland ………………………….:  8,422.0     9,347.0     7,920.0
American Pima ……………………:    158.5       215.0       154.9
Sugarbeets ………………………..:  1,158.8     1,158.6     1,144.3
Sugarcane …………………………:     (NA)                   891.7
Tobacco …………………………..:     (NA)        (NA)       328.7      314.5
:
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :
Austrian winter peas ……………….:     34.0        31.0        21.0
Dry edible beans …………………..:  1,764.4     1,559.0     1,711.4
Chickpeas, all 3/ ………………..:    207.5       246.0       203.1
Large ………………………….:    135.3       163.0       131.2
Small ………………………….:     72.2        83.0        71.9
Dry edible peas ……………………:  1,143.0     1,423.0     1,083.5
Lentils …………………………..:    493.0       850.0       476.0
Wrinkled seed peas …………………:     (NA)                    (NA)
:
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :
Hops ……………………………..:     (NA)                    43.6
Maple syrup ……………………….:     (NA)                    (NA)
Mushrooms …………………………:     (NA)                    (NA)
Peppermint oil …………………….:     (NA)                    65.2
Potatoes, all ……………………..:  1,065.2                 1,053.3
Spring ………………………….:     70.1        52.0        68.5       50.9
Summer ………………………….:     50.5                    47.1
Fall ……………………………:    944.6                   937.7
Spearmint oil ……………………..:     (NA)                    27.2
Sweet potatoes …………………….:    156.9       169.4       153.1
Taro (Hawaii) ……………………..:     (NA)                     0.3
—————————————————————————————-
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             –continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units –
United States: 2015 and 2016 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2016 crop year. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
—————————————————————————————
:   Yield per acre    :       Production
Crop                  :———————————————-
:   2015   :   2016   :    2015     :   2016
—————————————————————————————
:                       ——– 1,000 ——-
:
Grains and hay                          :
Barley ……………………..bushels:    68.9                  214,297
Corn for grain ………………bushels:   168.4               13,601,198
Corn for silage ………………..tons:    20.4                  126,894
Hay, all ………………………tons:    2.47                  134,388
Alfalfa ……………………..tons:    3.32                   58,974
All other ……………………tons:    2.06                   75,414
Oats ……………………….bushels:    70.2                   89,535
Proso millet ………………..bushels:    33.9                   14,159
Rice 2/ ………………………..cwt:   7,470                  192,343
Rye ………………………..bushels:    31.9                   11,496
Sorghum for grain ……………bushels:    76.0                  596,751
Sorghum for silage ……………..tons:    14.6                    4,475
Wheat, all ………………….bushels:    43.6                2,051,752
Winter ……………………bushels:    42.5      47.8      1,370,188   1,427,084
Durum …………………….bushels:    43.5                   82,484
Other spring ………………bushels:    46.3                  599,080
:
Oilseeds                                :
Canola ………………………pounds:   1,677                2,875,010
Cottonseed …………………….tons:     (X)                  4,043.0
Flaxseed ……………………bushels:    22.1                   10,095
Mustard seed …………………pounds:     671                   26,927
Peanuts ……………………..pounds:   3,963                6,210,590
Rapeseed …………………….pounds:   1,382                    1,520
Safflower ……………………pounds:   1,347                  214,251
Soybeans for beans …………..bushels:    48.0                3,929,160
Sunflower ……………………pounds:   1,625                2,923,730
:
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :
Cotton, all 2/ ………………..bales:     766                 12,888.0
Upland 2/ …………………..bales:     755                 12,455.0
American Pima 2/ …………….bales:   1,342                    433.0
Sugarbeets …………………….tons:    30.8                   35,278
Sugarcane ……………………..tons:    37.3                   33,244
Tobacco ……………………..pounds:   2,178                  715,946
:
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :
Austrian winter peas 2/ ………….cwt:   1,238                      260
Dry edible beans 2/ ……………..cwt:   1,760                   30,121
Chickpeas, all 2/ 3/ …………..cwt:   1,242                    2,523
Large 2/ …………………….cwt:   1,231                    1,615
Small 2/ …………………….cwt:   1,263                      908
Dry edible peas 2/ ………………cwt:   1,687                   18,283
Lentils 2/ ……………………..cwt:   1,108                    5,276
Wrinkled seed peas ………………cwt:    (NA)                      384
:
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :
Hops ………………………..pounds:   1,807                 78,846.0
Maple syrup …………………gallons:    (NA)                    3,414
Mushrooms ……………………pounds:    (NA)                  952,619
Peppermint oil ……………….pounds:      90                    5,882
Potatoes, all …………………..cwt:     418                  440,498
Spring ……………………….cwt:     296       328         20,251      16,677
Summer ……………………….cwt:     334                   15,734
Fall …………………………cwt:     431                  404,513
Spearmint oil ………………..pounds:     113                    3,070
Sweet potatoes ………………….cwt:     203                   31,016
Taro (Hawaii) ………………..pounds:  10,300                    3,502
—————————————————————————————
(NA) Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/   Area planted for all purposes.
2/   Yield in pounds.
3/   Chickpeas included with dry edible beans.

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units –
United States: 2015 and 2016
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2016 crop year.
Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
——————————————————————————–
:     Area planted      :    Area harvested
Crop              :———————————————–
:   2015    :   2016    :   2015    :   2016
——————————————————————————–
:                   hectares
:
Grains and hay                  :
Barley …………………….: 1,439,890   1,270,730   1,258,180
Corn for grain 1/ …………..:35,612,320  37,879,390  32,678,310
Corn for silage …………….:      (NA)               2,517,580
Hay, all 2/ ………………..:      (NA)        (NA)  22,030,110  21,976,690
Alfalfa ………………….:      (NA)               7,194,580
All other ………………..:      (NA)              14,835,530
Oats ………………………: 1,249,680   1,113,300     516,380
Proso millet ……………….:   180,090                 169,160
Rice ………………………: 1,057,860   1,239,970   1,042,080
Rye ……………………….:   634,960                 145,690
Sorghum for grain 1/ ………..: 3,423,270   2,920,240   3,177,220
Sorghum for silage ………….:      (NA)                 123,840
Wheat, all 2/ ………………:22,113,880  20,056,030  19,058,470
Winter …………………..:15,969,470  14,656,250  13,054,090  12,072,310
Durum ……………………:   783,480     807,360     767,290
Other spring ……………..: 5,360,930   4,592,420   5,237,090
:
Oilseeds                        :
Canola …………………….:   719,130     707,200     693,840
Cottonseed …………………:       (X)                     (X)
Flaxseed …………………..:   187,370     157,830     184,540
Mustard seed ……………….:    17,810                  16,230
Peanuts ……………………:   657,620     597,320     634,150
Rapeseed …………………..:       490                     450
Safflower ………………….:    68,070                  64,390
Soybeans for beans ………….:33,447,630  33,280,090  33,109,310
Sunflower ………………….:   752,360     685,300     728,200
:
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops:
Cotton, all 2/ ……………..: 3,472,440   3,869,650   3,267,830
Upland …………………..: 3,408,300   3,782,640   3,205,140
American Pima …………….:    64,140      87,010      62,690
Sugarbeets …………………:   468,950     468,870     463,090
Sugarcane ………………….:      (NA)                 360,860
Tobacco ……………………:      (NA)        (NA)     133,000     127,250
:
Dry beans, peas, and lentils    :
Austrian winter peas ………..:    13,760      12,550       8,500
Dry edible beans ……………:   714,040     630,910     692,590
Chickpeas 3/ ……………..:    83,970      99,550      82,190
Large …………………..:    54,750      65,960      53,100
Small …………………..:    29,220      33,590      29,100
Dry edible peas …………….:   462,560     575,870     438,480
Lentils ……………………:   199,510     343,990     192,630
Wrinkled seed peas ………….:      (NA)                    (NA)
:
Potatoes and miscellaneous      :
Hops ………………………:      (NA)                  17,660
Maple syrup ………………..:      (NA)                    (NA)
Mushrooms ………………….:      (NA)                    (NA)
Peppermint oil ……………..:      (NA)                  26,390
Potatoes, all 2/ ……………:   431,080                 426,260
Spring …………………..:    28,370      21,040      27,720      20,600
Summer …………………..:    20,440                  19,060
Fall …………………….:   382,270                 379,480
Spearmint oil ………………:      (NA)                  11,010
Sweet potatoes ……………..:    63,500      68,550      61,960
Taro (Hawaii) ………………:      (NA)                     140
——————————————————————————–
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                     –continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units – United States:
2015 and 2016 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2016 crop year. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
—————————————————————————————-
:   Yield per hectare   :      Production
Crop                  :———————————————–
:   2015    :   2016    :   2015    :   2016
—————————————————————————————-
:                  metric tons
:
Grains and hay                          :
Barley ……………………………:    3.71                  4,665,770
Corn for grain …………………….:   10.57                345,486,340
Corn for silage ……………………:   45.73                115,116,300
Hay, all 2/ ……………………….:    5.53                121,914,740
Alfalfa …………………………:    7.44                 53,500,310
All other ……………………….:    4.61                 68,414,430
Oats ……………………………..:    2.52                  1,299,600
Proso millet ………………………:    1.90                    321,120
Rice ……………………………..:    8.37                  8,724,530
Rye ………………………………:    2.00                    292,010
Sorghum for grain ………………….:    4.77                 15,158,170
Sorghum for silage …………………:   32.78                  4,059,650
Wheat, all 2/ ……………………..:    2.93                 55,839,540
Winter ………………………….:    2.86        3.22     37,290,410 38,838,860
Durum …………………………..:    2.93                  2,244,850
Other spring …………………….:    3.11                 16,304,290
:
Oilseeds                                :
Canola ……………………………:    1.88                  1,304,080
Cottonseed ………………………..:     (X)                  3,667,750
Flaxseed ………………………….:    1.39                    256,420
Mustard seed ………………………:    0.75                     12,210
Peanuts …………………………..:    4.44                  2,817,080
Rapeseed ………………………….:    1.55                        690
Safflower …………………………:    1.51                     97,180
Soybeans for beans …………………:    3.23                106,934,210
Sunflower …………………………:    1.82                  1,326,180
:
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :
Cotton, all 2/ …………………….:    0.86                  2,806,030
Upland ………………………….:    0.85                  2,711,760
American Pima ……………………:    1.50                     94,270
Sugarbeets ………………………..:   69.11                 32,003,660
Sugarcane …………………………:   83.57                 30,158,450
Tobacco …………………………..:    2.44                    324,750
:
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :
Austrian winter peas ……………….:    1.39                     11,790
Dry edible beans …………………..:    1.97                  1,366,270
Chickpeas, all 3/ ………………..:    1.39                    114,440
Large ………………………….:    1.38                     73,260
Small ………………………….:    1.42                     41,190
Dry edible peas ……………………:    1.89                    829,300
Lentils …………………………..:    1.24                    239,320
Wrinkled seed peas …………………:    (NA)                     17,420
:
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :
Hops ……………………………..:    2.03                     35,760
Maple syrup ……………………….:    (NA)                     17,070
Mushrooms …………………………:    (NA)                    432,100
Peppermint oil …………………….:    0.10                      2,670
Potatoes, all 2/ …………………..:   46.87                 19,980,650
Spring ………………………….:   33.14       36.72        918,570    756,460
Summer ………………………….:   37.44                    713,680
Fall ……………………………:   48.35                 18,348,400
Spearmint oil ……………………..:    0.13                      1,390
Sweet potatoes …………………….:   22.71                  1,406,860
Taro (Hawaii) ……………………..:   11.55                      1,590
—————————————————————————————-
(NA) Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/   Area planted for all purposes.
2/   Total may not add due to rounding.
3/   Chickpeas included with dry edible beans.

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units – United States: 2015 and 2016
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2016 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2015-2016 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
——————————————————————————-
:            Production
Crop                   :———————————–
:      2015       :      2016
——————————————————————————-
Citrus 1/                                  :
Grapefruit ………………….1,000 tons:          890               825
Lemons ……………………..1,000 tons:          904               900
Oranges …………………….1,000 tons:        6,369             5,816
Tangelos (Florida) …………..1,000 tons:           30                18
Tangerines and mandarins ……..1,000 tons:          855               947
:
Noncitrus                                  :
Apples ………………….million pounds:     10,171.8
Apricots …………………………tons:       53,008
Avocados …………………………tons:
Bananas (Hawaii) …………..1,000 pounds:
Blackberries (Oregon) ………1,000 pounds:
Blueberries                                :
Cultivated ………………1,000 pounds:
Wild (Maine) …………….1,000 pounds:
Boysenberries (Oregon) ……..1,000 pounds:
:
Raspberries, All …………..1,000 pounds:
Cherries, Sweet …………………..tons:      338,485
Cherries, Tart …………..million pounds:        222.6
Coffee ……………………1,000 pounds:       33,189
Cranberries …………………….barrel:    8,412,700
Dates (California) ………………..tons:
Figs (California) …………………tons:
Grapes …………………………..tons:    8,046,400
Kiwifruit (California) …………….tons:
Nectarines ……………………….tons:
:
Olives (California) ……………….tons:
Papayas (Hawaii) …………..1,000 pounds:
Peaches ………………………….tons:      804,600
Pears ……………………………tons:      733,000
Plums (California) ………………..tons:
Prunes (California) ……………….tons:      100,000
Prunes and Plums ………………….tons:
Strawberries …………………1,000 cwt:       30,867
:
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :
Almonds, shelled (California) .1,000 pounds:    1,890,000         2,000,000
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) ……….tons:       39,000
Macadamias (Hawaii) ………..1,000 pounds:
Pecans, in-shell …………..1,000 pounds:      272,340
Pistachios (California) …….1,000 pounds:
Walnuts, in-shell (California) ……..tons:      575,000
——————————————————————————-
1/ Production years are 2014-2015 and 2015-2016.

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units – United States: 2015 and 2016
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2016 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2015-2016 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
——————————————————————————-
:            Production
Crop                   :———————————–
:      2015       :      2016
——————————————————————————-
:            metric tons
:
Citrus 1/                                  :
Grapefruit …………………………..:      807,390           748,430
Lemons ………………………………:      820,100           816,470
Oranges ……………………………..:    5,777,860         5,276,190
Tangelos (Florida) ……………………:       27,220            16,330
Tangerines and mandarins ………………:      775,640           859,100
:
Noncitrus                                  :
Apples ………………………………:    4,613,850
Apricots …………………………….:       48,090
Avocados …………………………….:
Bananas (Hawaii) ……………………..:
Blackberries (Oregon) …………………:
Blueberries                                :
Cultivated …………………………:
Wild (Maine) ……………………….:
Boysenberries (Oregon) ………………..:
:
Raspberries, All ……………………..:
Cherries, Sweet ………………………:      307,070
Cherries, Tart ……………………….:      100,970
Coffee ………………………………:       15,050
Cranberries ………………………….:      381,590
Dates (California) ……………………:
Figs (California) …………………….:
Grapes ………………………………:    7,299,570
Kiwifruit (California) ………………..:
Nectarines …………………………..:
:
Olives (California) …………………..:
Papayas (Hawaii) ……………………..:
Peaches ……………………………..:      729,920
Pears ……………………………….:      664,970
Plums (California) ……………………:
Prunes (California) …………………..:       90,720
Prunes and Plums ……………………..:
Strawberries …………………………:    1,400,100
:
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :
Almonds, shelled (California) ………….:      857,290           907,185
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) …………..:       35,380
Macadamias (Hawaii) …………………..:
Pecans, in-shell ……………………..:      123,530
Pistachios (California) ……………….:
Walnuts, in-shell (California) …………:      521,630
——————————————————————————-
1/ Production years are 2014-2015 and 2015-2016.

April Weather Summary

A mid-month pattern change brought much-needed precipitation to the
Hard Red Winter Wheat Belt and gradually pushed warm, showery weather into
the Midwestern and Mid-Atlantic States. The central and southern Plains’
precipitation reversed a short-term drying trend and put an end to a spate of
wildfires and episodes of blowing dust. And, as heavier precipitation began
to overspread the Midwest, an initially torrid corn planting pace gradually
slowed.

On the strength of mid- to late-month storminess, above-average precipitation
dominated the Nation’s mid-section. Excessive rain fell, however, in parts of
the western Gulf Coast region, where some early plantings were washed away by
flooding. Wetness extended as far east as the lower Mississippi Valley,
resulting in some fieldwork delays.

In contrast, short-term dryness intensified for much of April across the Mid-
Atlantic States and environs, although late-month rainfall began to boost
topsoil moisture. In addition, hard freezes on April 6 and 10-following a
warm March-caused damage to a variety of crops, including fruits and
ornamentals, as far south as North Carolina. Farther north, persistently cool
weather from the Great Lakes region into New England held monthly
temperatures as much as 5°F below normal.

Elsewhere, periodic April showers engulfed much of the western United States,
although warm, dry conditions dominated the Pacific Northwest. The
Northwestern drying trend followed a very wet winter, helping to minimize
impacts. Monthly temperatures averaged at least 5°F above normal in much of
the Northwest, despite a late-month cool spell. Farther south, late-season
storms provided additional drought relief and delivered high-elevation snow,
with some of the heaviest precipitation occurring across the Great Basin,
central Rockies, and northern Intermountain West.

April Agricultural Summary

Temperatures were generally above-normal across most of the Nation during the
month of April. Monthly average temperatures were more than 2°F above normal
west of the Rocky Mountains and in the central Great Plains with most of the
Northwest averaging more than 4°F above normal. The major exceptions to this
trend were recorded in the Great Lakes Region and the Northeast where April
average temperatures were below normal. Drier than normal conditions were
reported in the Northwest and the Northeast. Precipitation was more
widespread across the central and southeastern United States, with several
locations in the Great Plains and Delta recording over 4 inches above normal
for the month.

By April 10, producers had planted 4 percent of this year’s corn crop,
3 percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average.
Planting progress was at or behind normal in all States except Kansas,
Missouri, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. By April 17, producers
had planted 13 percent of the Nation’s corn crop, 6 percentage points ahead
of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Corn
producers had planted 30 percent of the 2016 crop by April 24,
fourteen percentage points ahead of both last year and the 5-year average.
Excellent fieldwork conditions facilitated rapid planting progress,
particularly in Minnesota and Illinois. Producers had planted 45 percent of
this year’s corn crop by May 1, equal to last year but 15 percentage points
ahead of the 5-year average. Planting progress was well ahead of historical
averages in the central locations of the major corn producing region but
continued to lag behind normal in the western Corn Belt. By May 1,
thirteen percent of the Nation’s corn crop was emerged, 6 percentage points
ahead of last year and 5 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

By April 24, three percent of Nation’s soybean crop was planted, slightly
ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Although planting was most
advanced in the Delta, wet conditions led to significant delays in Louisiana
at that time with only 19 percent planted, 15 percentage points behind the
5-year average. On May 1, eight percent of the Nation’s soybean crop was
planted, 2 percentage points behind last year but 2 percentage points ahead
of the 5-year average. During the last week of April, favorable planting
conditions in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee led to
double-digit weekly planting progress.

Overall, 59 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to
excellent condition on April 3, compared with 44 percent at the same time
last year. At the time, crop conditions had improved by 20 percentage points
or more over the winter months in the northwestern States of Idaho, Oregon,
and Washington. Nationally, 26 percent of the winter wheat crop was headed by
April 24, slightly ahead of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the
5-year average. Beneficial precipitation promoted rapid crop development in
Kansas, with heading advancing 20 percentage points during the third week of
the month. By May 1, heading of the winter wheat crop had advanced to
42 percent complete, 3 percentage points ahead of last year and 8 percentage
points ahead of the 5-year average. Overall, 61 percent of the winter wheat
crop was reported in good to excellent condition on May 1, up 2 percentage
points from the beginning of the month and 18 percentage points above the
same time last year.

By April 3, producers had planted 3 percent of this year’s cotton crop,
slightly ahead of last year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year
average. Progress was most advanced at the time in Arizona with 25 percent
planted, equal to last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year
average. Producers had planted 7 percent of this year’s cotton crop by
April 17, equal to last year but 3 percentage points behind the 5-year
average. Planting progress was at or behind the 5-year average in all
estimating States except Arizona and Missouri. Nationally, cotton producers
had planted 16 percent of the cotton crop by May 1, slightly ahead of last
year but 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

With activity limited to Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas, 13 percent of the
Nation’s sorghum crop had been planted by April 3, five percentage points
ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. By April 17,
sixteen percent of the sorghum crop was planted, 2 percentage points behind
last year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Despite
continued wet conditions in Louisiana, planting progress advanced
24 percentage points during the second full week of the month to 53 percent
complete by April 17. Nationally, planting advanced to 23 percent complete by
May 1, five percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind
the 5-year average. Planting progress continued to lag behind normal for most
estimating States, with only Missouri and Oklahoma at or ahead of the 5-year
average.

By April 3, producers had seeded 16 percent of the 2016 rice crop,
3 percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the 5-year average. With
progress limited to Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas, 7 percent of the Nation’s
rice crop was emerged at the time, 4 percentage points ahead of the 5-year
average. By April 17, producers had seeded 48 percent of this year’s rice
crop, 18 percentage points ahead of last year and 12 percentage points ahead
of the 5-year average. In Arkansas, where ideal weather conditions aided
fieldwork, seeding was 19 percentage points ahead of normal. At the time,
19 percent of the Nation’s rice crop was emerged, 5 percentage points ahead
of last year but equal to the 5-year average. By May 1, seventy-two percent
of the rice crop was seeded, 17 percentage points ahead of last year and
16 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Nationally, emergence
advanced to 55 percent complete, 21 percentage points ahead of last year and
16 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. During the last week of the
month, an additional 26 percent of the crop emerged in Arkansas, the Nation’s
leading rice-producing State.

Nationally, oat producers had seeded 29 percent of this year’s crop by
April 3, six percentage points behind the 5-year average. Oat planting
progress was at or behind the 5-year average in all estimating States except
Pennsylvania at the beginning of the month. With progress mostly limited to
the earlier-planted crop in Texas, 24 percent of the Nation’s oat crop was
emerged by April 3, five percentage points behind the 5-year average.
Fifty-six percent of the oat crop was seeded by April 17, two percentage
points ahead of last year and 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year
average. By May 1, oat producers had sown 78 percent of the Nation’s crop,
3 percentage points behind last year but 13 percentage points ahead of the
5-year average. Nationally, 56 percent of the oat crop had emerged by May 1,
three percentage points ahead of last year and 9 percentage points ahead of
the 5-year average. Iowa, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota reported
emergence progress more than 20 percentage points ahead of their respective
5-year averages by the end of the month.

Six percent of the Nation’s barley was planted by April 3, slightly behind
the 5-year average. Planting progress was well behind the historical pace in
Idaho with 6 percent planted, 15 percentage points behind the 5-year average.
Forty-five percent of the barley crop was seeded by April 24,
seven percentage points behind last year but 9 percentage points ahead of the
5-year average. Nationwide, 15 percent of the 2016 barley crop was emerged by
April 24, equal to last year but 6 percentage points ahead of the 5-year
average. Barley producers had seeded 57 percent of the Nation’s crop by
May 1, thirteen percentage points behind last year but 10 percentage points
ahead of the 5-year average. By May 1, emergence was evident in 29 percent of
the Nation’s barley acreage, 4 percentage points behind last year but
11 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

By April 10, thirteen percent of the spring wheat crop was seeded, slightly
behind last year but 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Spring
wheat producers had seeded 27 percent of this year’s crop by April 17,
four percentage points behind last year but 8 percentage points ahead of the
5-year average. Planting progress advanced rapidly in the northern
Great Plains, with progress over 20 percentage points ahead of the 5-year
average in Montana and South Dakota. Fifty-four percent of the spring wheat
crop was seeded by May 1, fifteen percentage points behind last year but
15 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting progress was ahead
of the 5-year average in all estimating States except Idaho. By May 1,
twenty-two percent of the spring wheat crop was emerged, 2 percentage points
behind last year but 8 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average.

Nationally, peanut producers had planted 4 percent of this year’s crop by
April 24, equal to both last year and the 5-year average. Twelve percent of
the Nation’s peanut crop was planted by May 1, three percentage points ahead
of last year and 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Planting
was most advanced in Florida, at 25 percent complete, 9 percentage points
ahead of the 5-year average.

One percent of the Nation’s sugarbeet crop was planted by April 3,
three percentage points behind both last year and the 5-year average. The
crop was 5 percent planted in Idaho, 16 percentage points behind last year
and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Planting had yet to begin
by April 3 in Michigan, despite a 5-year average planting pace of 12 percent
complete. By May 1, sugarbeet producers had planted 80 percent of the
Nation’s crop, 11 percentage points behind last year but 32 percentage points
ahead of the 5-year average. In Minnesota, producers had planted 88 percent
of the sugarbeet crop by May 1, more than 3 weeks ahead of the 5-year average
pace.

Crop Comments

Winter wheat: Production is forecast at 1.43 billion bushels, up 4 percent
from 2015. As of May 1, the United States yield is forecast at 47.8 bushels
per acre, up 5.3 bushels from last year. If realized, this will equal the
record yield set in 1999. Expected grain area is forecast at 29.8 million
acres, down 8 percent from last year. Hard Red Winter (HRW) harvested acreage
is down 9 percent from the previous year. Soft Red Winter (SRW) harvested
acreage is expected to be down 8 percent from last year. As of May 1,
sixty-one percent of the winter wheat crop in the 18 major producing States
was rated in good to excellent condition, 18 percentage points better than at
the same time last year. Nationally, 42 percent of the winter wheat crop was
headed by May 1, eight percentage points ahead of the 5-year average pace.

As of May 1, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas winter wheat was rated in good to
excellent condition at 52 percent, 64 percent, and 49 percent, respectively.
In Texas, there were some areas of the Southern Low Plains, Cross Timbers,
and Edwards Plateau that experienced damage due to hail or high winds. Some
disease presence was reported in areas of Kentucky, Montana, North Carolina,
Tennessee, and Washington.

As of May 1, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington winter wheat was rated in good to
excellent condition at 90 percent, 65 percent, and 82 percent, respectively.
Record high yields are expected in Illinois, Michigan, Nebraska, Ohio, and
Tennessee.

Durum wheat: Production of Durum wheat in Arizona and California is forecast
at a collective 15.5 million bushels, down 24 percent from 2015. In Arizona,
the crop was 60 percent headed by May 1, fourteen percentage points behind
last year and 23 percentage points behind the 5-year average. In
southern California, harvest is expected to begin in mid-May.

Hay stocks on farms: All hay stored on United States farms as of May 1, 2016
totaled 25.1 million tons, up 3 percent from a year ago. Disappearance
between December 1, 2015 and May 1, 2016 totaled 69.9 million tons, compared
with 67.5 million tons for the same period a year earlier.

May 1 hay stocks were up slightly from the previous year as mild winter
conditions throughout most of the Nation did not extend supplemental feeding.

Grapefruit: The United States 2015-2016 grapefruit crop is forecast at
825,000 tons, up 1 percent from last month’s forecast but down 7 percent from
last season’s final utilization. In Florida, expected production, at
10.9 million boxes, is up 1 percent from last month but down 16 percent from
last year. California and Texas grapefruit production forecasts were carried
forward from the previous forecast.

Tangerines and mandarins: The United States tangerine and mandarin crop is
forecast at 947,000 tons, unchanged from last month but up 11 percent from
last season’s final utilization. If realized, this will be the largest
production ever recorded in the data series which began in 1964-1965. The
Florida forecast is up 1 percent from the previous month but down 37 percent
from last year’s utilized production. The California tangerine and mandarin
production forecast was carried forward from the previous forecast. Estimates
for Arizona have been discontinued.

Tangelos: Florida’s tangelo forecast is 390,000 boxes (18,000 tons),
unchanged from last month but down 41 percent from last season’s final
utilization. The production is the lowest since the 1958-1959 season.

Florida citrus: In the citrus growing region, reported daily high
temperatures were slightly above average for this time of the year. All
reporting stations had highs at least in the mid to upper 80s, with a few
stations reaching over 90 degrees. Morning lows were mostly in the 60s and
70s. Rainfall was less than average in the citrus growing region. Two of
eighteen monitored counties had totals close to historical averages. St.
Lucie West (St. Lucie County) had 2.61 inches, followed by Balm (Hillsborough
County) at 2.23 inches. Of the remaining sixteen monitored stations, nine had
an inch or less of rainfall. According to the April 26, 2016 U.S. Drought
Monitor, only Marion and Putnam Counties in the most northern part of the
citrus region were abnormally dry. The remaining citrus growing counties were
drought free.

Packinghouses were still taking mostly Valencia oranges. Only a few red
grapefruit and Honey tangerines were available for the fresh market. With the
seasonably dry weather and warm temperatures over the past two weeks, grove
owners continued robust irrigating programs, watering several times during
the week. Field workers reported various methods of combating greening and
controlling psyllid population, including tenting of smaller trees, steam
treatment, and spraying. Trees were holding fruit from pea size to marble
size for next season’s crop. Field workers reported seeing an abundance of
resetting going on, mostly in the center of the State. Other grove activities
included fertilizing, spraying, hedging, and topping.

California citrus: Navel and Valencia oranges continued to be harvested.
Quality was reported to be an issue as the Navel orange crop continued to
mature with the hot weather. The Valencia orange harvest was accelerating.
Navel, Valencia, Cara Cara, Golden Nugget mandarins, Minneola tangelos, and
lemons continued to be packed and exported to foreign and domestic markets.
Seedless tangerines remained netted to prevent cross pollination.

California noncitrus fruits and nuts: In Monterey County, wine grapes were
budding and sulfur applications were being applied. In Fresno County, grape
shoot growth continued as applications of sulfur dust, nitrogen, and zinc
fertilization were applied based on vineyard historical performance and
scouting. There were reports of powdery mildew pressure around the County and
fungicide treatment programs were applied accordingly. Wine grapes received a
third fungicide application close to months’ end. The harvesting of cherries
continued throughout the month. Olive orchards were blooming. New almond
orchards were still being planted by mid-month. In Kings County, apricots and
nectarines were being thinned. Pomegranates continued to bloom. In
Madera County, fertilizing and irrigating of tree fruits and grapes continued
and pistachio trees received nutrient sprays. In San Joaquin County, many
orchards were mowed to control weeds. Fungicides were applied to all
grapevines. Cherry packing sheds continued to prepare to receive fruit from
the southern part of the State. In Stanislaus County, insecticides were
applied to cherry orchards. The quality of cherries was improving as the
local varieties continued to be harvested. Stone fruit orchards continued to
be thinned and trimmed and pistachio trees continued blooming. Almond
orchards continued to show rapid growth. Some older walnut orchards were in
the process of being removed at the end of the month. In Sutter County, stone
fruits and grapevines were setting fruit and orchard weed control was
ongoing. Many growers in several counties fertilized, irrigated, and pruned
nut orchards throughout the month. Growers continued to apply copper and
fungicides to nut orchards. In Tulare County, walnut orchards were leafing
out. Pistachio trees continued blooming. Almond trees continued to show rapid
growth.

Peaches: The California 2016 peach crop is forecast at 580,000 tons, up
4 percent from 2015.

The California Freestone crop is forecast at 260,000 tons, up 3 percent from
last season. Growers reported a similar sized crop to last season. In
early-May, Snow Angel peaches were being harvested and shipped.

The California Clingstone crop is forecast at 320,000 tons, up 5 percent from
2015. Growers reported full bloom occurred in late-February, slightly earlier
than last year. The crop has been rated as good in all areas of the State.
Irrigation districts have increased their surface water deliveries to growers
this year due to a wet winter.

Almonds: The 2016 California almond production (shelled basis) is forecast at
2.00 billion pounds, up 6 percent from the 2015 production of 1.89 billion
pounds. The almond bloom began in mid-February, slightly later than the
previous season. The 2016 bloom was fast and fairly uniform, with good
weather conditions. However, after the bloom heavy winds accelerated nut
drop.

Spring potatoes: Production for 2016 is forecast at 16.7 million cwt, down
18 percent from 2015. Planted area is forecast at 52,000 acres, a 5 percent
decrease from the March intentions. Area for harvest is forecast at
50,900 acres, down 26 percent from the previous year. The average yield
forecast, at 328 cwt per acre, is up 32 cwt from 2015.

Tobacco: Revised United States tobacco production for 2015 totaled
716 million pounds, up 1 percent from the January preliminary estimate but
down 18 percent from 2014. Harvested area is estimated at 328,650 acres, up
slightly from the January preliminary estimate but down 13 percent from last
year. Yield per acre averaged 2,178 pounds per acre, unchanged from the
January preliminary estimate but 138 pounds below 2014.

2015 Cotton final: All cotton production is estimated at 12.9 million 480-
pound bales, down 21 percent from the 2014 crop. The United States yield for
all cotton is estimated at 766 pounds per acre, down 72 pounds from the
previous year. Record high yields are estimated in Kansas, Oklahoma, and
Tennessee.

Upland cotton production is estimated at 12.5 million 480-pound bales, down
21 percent from the 2014 crop. The United States yield for Upland cotton is
estimated at 755 pounds per acre, down 71 pounds from 2014.

America Pima production is estimated at 433,000 bales (480-pounds), down 24
percent from 2014. The United States yield is estimated at 1,342 per acre,
down 90 pounds from the previous season.

Cottonseed:  Cottonseed production in 2015 totaled 4.04 million tons, down
21 percent from the previous year. Sales to oil mills accounted for
47 percent of the disposition. The remaining 53 percent will be used for
seed, feed, exports, and various other uses.

Statistical Methodology

Wheat survey procedures: Objective yield and farm operator surveys were
conducted between April 25 and May 5 to gather information on expected yield
as of May 1. The objective yield survey was conducted in three States
(Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas) where wheat is normally mature enough to make
meaningful counts. Farm operators were interviewed to update previously
reported acreage data and seek permission to randomly locate two sample plots
in selected winter wheat fields. The counts made within each sample plot
depended upon the crop’s maturity. Counts such as number of stalks, heads in
late boot, and number of emerged heads were made to predict the number of
heads that would be harvested. The counts are used with similar data from
previous years to develop a projected biological yield. The average
harvesting loss is subtracted to obtain a net yield. The plots are revisited
each month until crop maturity when the heads are clipped, threshed, and
weighed. After the farm operator has harvested the sample field, another plot
is sampled to obtain current year harvesting loss.

The farm operator survey included a sample of approximately 11,700 producers
representing all major production areas. The survey was conducted primarily
by telephone with some use of mail, internet and personal interviewers. These
producers were selected from an earlier acreage survey and were asked about
the probable winter wheat acres for harvest and yield on their operation.
These growers will continue to be surveyed throughout the growing season to
provide indications of average yields.

Orange survey procedures: The orange objective yield survey for the May 1
forecast was conducted in Florida, which accounts for nearly 63 percent of
the United States production. Bearing tree numbers are determined at the
start of the season based on a tree inventory survey conducted every year
combined with special surveys. From mid-July to mid-September, the number of
fruit per tree is determined. In August and subsequent months, fruit size
measurement and fruit droppage surveys are conducted, which combined with the
previous components are used to develop the current forecast of production.
California and Texas conduct grower and packer surveys on a quarterly basis
in October, January, April, and July. California also conducts objective
measurement surveys in September for Navel oranges and in March for Valencia
oranges.

Wheat estimating procedures: National and State level objective yield and
grower reported data were reviewed for reasonableness and consistency with
historical estimates. The survey data were also reviewed considering weather
patterns and crop progress compared to previous months and previous years.
Each Regional Field Office submits their analysis of the current situation to
the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). The ASB uses the survey data and the
State analyses to prepare the published May 1 forecasts.

Orange estimating procedures: State level objective yield indications for
Florida oranges were reviewed for errors, reasonableness, and consistency
with historical estimates. The Florida Field Office submits its analysis of
the current situation to the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). The ASB
uses the Florida survey data and their analysis to prepare the published
May 1 forecast. The May 1 orange production forecasts for California and
Texas are carried forward from April.

Revision Policy: The May 1 production forecast will not be revised; instead,
a new forecast will be made each month throughout the growing season.
End-of-season wheat estimates are made after harvest. At the end of the wheat
marketing season, a balance sheet is calculated using carryover stocks,
production, exports, millings, feeding, and ending stocks. Revisions are then
made if the balance sheet relationships or other administrative data warrant
changes. End-of-season orange estimates will be published in the Citrus
Fruits Summary released in September. The orange production estimates are
based on all data available at the end of the marketing season, including
information from marketing orders, shipments, and processor records.
Allowances are made for recorded local utilization and home use.

Reliability: To assist users in evaluating the reliability of the May 1
production forecast, the “Root Mean Square Error,” a statistical measure
based on past performance, is computed. The deviation between the May 1
production forecast and the final estimate is expressed as a percentage of
the final estimate. The average of the squared percentage deviations for the
latest 20-year period is computed. The square root of the average becomes
statistically the “Root Mean Square Error.” Probability statements can be
made concerning expected differences in the current forecast relative to the
final end-of-season estimate, assuming that factors affecting this year’s
forecast are not different from those influencing recent years.

The “Root Mean Square Error” for the May 1 winter wheat production forecast
is 7.0 percent. This means that chances are two out of three that the current
production forecast will not be above or below the final estimate by more
than 7.0 percent. Chances are 9 out of 10 (90 percent confidence level) that
the difference will not exceed 12.1 percent. Differences between the May 1
winter wheat production forecast and the final estimate during the past 20
years have averaged 90 million bushels, ranging from 6 million to 284 million
bushels. The May 1 forecast has been below the final estimate 10 times and
above 10 times. This does not imply that the May 1 winter wheat forecast this
year is likely to understate or overstate final production.

The “Root Mean Square Error” for the May 1 orange production forecast is
2.2 percent. However, if you exclude the three abnormal production seasons
(one freeze season and two hurricane seasons), the “Root Mean Square Error”
is 2.4 percent. This means that chances are 2 out of 3 that the current
orange production forecast will not be above or below the final estimates by
more than 2.2 percent, or 2.4 percent, excluding abnormal seasons. Chances
are 9 out of 10 (90 percent confidence level) that the difference will not
exceed 3.8 percent, or 4.1 percent, excluding abnormal seasons.

Changes between the May 1 orange forecast and the final estimates during the
past 20 years have averaged 152,000 tons (171,000 tons, excluding abnormal
seasons), ranging from 19,000 tons to 441,000 tons (36,000 tons to 441,000
tons, excluding abnormal seasons). The May 1 forecast for oranges has been
below the final estimate 9 times and above 11 times (below 7 times and above
10 times, excluding abnormal seasons). This does not imply that the May 1
forecast this year is likely to understate or overstate final production.

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural
Statistics Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to
nass@nass.usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch……………………………………….. (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section…………………………….. (202) 720-2127
Angie Considine – Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum…………………… (202) 720-5944
Tony Dahlman – Oats, Soybeans……………………………………… (202) 690-3234
Chris Hawthorn – Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet……………………….. (202) 720-9526
James Johanson – County Estimates, Hay……………………………… (202) 690-8533
Scott Matthews – Crop Weather, Barley………………………………. (202) 720-7621
Jean Porter – Rye, Wheat………………………………………….. (202) 720-8068
Bianca Pruneda – Peanuts, Rice…………………………………….. (202) 720-7688
Travis Thorson – Sunflower, Other Oilseeds………………………….. (202) 720-7369

Jorge Garcia-Pratts, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section…….. (202) 720-2127
Vincent Davis – Fresh and Processing Vegetables, Onions, Strawberries,
Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Cherries………………………………………… (202) 720-2157
Fleming Gibson – Citrus, Coffee, Tropical Fruits…………………….. (202) 720-5412
Greg Lemmons – Berries, Cranberries, Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes ………… (202) 720-4285
Dave Losh – Hops…………………………………………………. (360) 709-2400
Dan Norris – Austrian Winter Peas, Dry Edible Peas, Lentils, Mint,
Mushrooms, Peaches, Pears, Wrinkled Seed Peas, Dry Beans ………… (202) 720-3250
Daphne Schauber – Floriculture, Grapes, Maple Syrup, Nursery, Tree Nuts .. (202) 720-4215
Chris Singh – Apples, Apricots, Plums, Prunes, Tobacco ………………. (202) 720-4288

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following
ways:

All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web
site: www.nass.usda.gov

Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit
www.nass.usda.gov and click on “National” or “State” in upper right
corner above “search” box to create an account and select the reports
you would like to receive.

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail:
nass@nass.usda.gov.

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