10-10-14 *USDA/NASS* Colorado Crop Production Report…October 2014

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COLORADO HIGHLIGHTS

Based on October 1 conditions, corn production in Colorado is forecast at 138.24 million bushels, up 7 percent from last year’s 129.69 million bushels, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. The 960,000 acres expected to be harvested for grain this year is down 30,000 acres from the 990,000 acres harvested a year ago. Corn yield is estimated at 144.0 bushels per acre, unchanged from the September 1 forecast but 13.0 bushels above last year’s final yield. As of September 28, Colorado’s corn crop condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Corn harvested for grain was 6 percent complete, compared with 10 percent last year and the 5-year average of 12 percent.

Sorghum production in 2014 is forecast at 6.25 million bushels, up 9 percent from the 5.76 million bushels harvested last year. Growers expect to harvest 250,000 acres this year, up from the 240,000 acres harvested last year. Average yield is forecast at 25.0 bushels per acre, down 5.0 bushels from the September 1 forecast but up 1.0 bushel from last year. As of September 28, Colorado’s sorghum crop condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 52 percent fair, 29 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Sorghum harvested for grain was estimated at 5 percent complete, compared with 3 percent last year and the 5-year average of 5 percent.

The initial forecast of all sunflower production is estimated at 52.98 million pounds, up 12 percent from the 2013 crop of 47.20 million pounds. All sunflower yield is expected to average 1,341 pounds per acre, an increase of 483 pounds from last year. Harvested area is estimated at 39,500 acres, down from the 55,000 acres harvested last year. As of September 28, Colorado’s sunflower crop condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.

Alfalfa hay production in Colorado is forecast at 2.93 million tons, up from the 1.89 million tons produced in 2013. Colorado farmers and ranchers expect to harvest 750,000 acres of alfalfa hay this year, up 100,000 acres from 2013. Alfalfa hay yield is expected to average 3.90 tons per acre, compared with last year’s yield of 2.90 tons per acre and the August 1 forecast of 3.60 tons per acre. Producers expect to harvest 580,000 acres of other hay in 2014, down 80,000 acres from last year. Other hay production is estimated at 1.22 million tons, up 15 percent from the 1.06 million tons a year ago. Other hay yield is expected to average 2.10 tons per acre, compared with last year’s yield of 1.60 tons per acre and the August 1 forecast of 2.00 tons per acre.

Dry bean production for 2014 is forecast at 774,000 hundredweight, up 43 percent from the 540,000 hundredweight produced a year earlier. Yields are expected to average 1,800 pounds per acre, up 200 pounds per acre from the August 1 forecast and up from 1,500 pounds per acre last year. Growers expect to harvest 43,000 acres this year, up 7,000 acres from the 36,000 acres harvested last year. As of September 28, Colorado’s dry bean crop condition was rated 1 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 44 percent good and 13 percent excellent. Dry bean harvest was reported to be 42 percent complete, compared to 50 percent last year and the 5-year average of 52 percent.

Sugarbeet production in Colorado is forecast at 946,000 tons, up 10 percent from the 861,000 tons produced in 2013. Growers expect to harvest 29,100 acres this year, compared with 25,700 a year ago. Yields are expected to average 32.5 tons per acre, unchanged from the September 1 forecast but down from last year’s yield of 33.5 tons per acre. As of September 28, Colorado’s sugarbeet crop condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 56 percent good and 21 percent excellent. Harvest of sugarbeets was estimated at 24 percent complete, compared with 9 percent last year and the 5-year average of 14 percent.

UNITED STATES HIGHLIGHTS

Corn production is forecast at 14.5 billion bushels, up less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 4 percent from 2013. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 174.2 bushels per acre, up 2.5 bushels from the September forecast and 15.4 bushels above the 2013 average. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.1 million acres, down 1 percent from the September forecast and down 5 percent from 2013.
The United States sorghum production is forecast at 404 million bushels, down 6 percent from last month but up 4 percent from last year. Planted area, at 7.21 million acres, is down 3 percent from the previous estimate and down 11 percent from last year. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 6.17 million acres, down 4 percent from September 1 and down 5 percent from 2013. Based on October 1 conditions, yield is forecast at 65.4 bushels per acre, down 1.8 bushels from last month but up 5.8 bushels from last year.
The first United States sunflower production forecast for 2014 is 2.45 billion pounds, up 21 percent from 2013. Area planted, at 1.57 million acres, is down 8 percent from the June estimate and is down fractionally from last year. Sunflower growers expect to harvest 1.51 million acres, down 7 percent from June but up 2 percent from the 2013 acreage. The October yield forecast, at 1,626 pounds per acre, is 248 pounds higher than last year’s yield.
Production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixture dry hay for 2014 is forecast at 64.5 million tons, up 1 percent from the August forecast and up 12 percent from 2013. Based on October 1 conditions, yield is expected to average 3.55 tons per acre, up 0.05 ton from August and up 0.31 ton from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 18.2 million acres, unchanged from August, but up 2 percent from 2013.
Production of other hay is forecast at 84.1 million tons, up 9 percent from the August forecast and up 7 percent from 2013. Based on October 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 2.13 tons per acre, up 0.17 ton from August and up 0.19 ton from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 39.5 million acres, unchanged from August but down 3 percent from 2013.
United States dry edible bean production is forecast at 29.0 million cwt for 2014, up 19 percent from last year. Planted area is estimated at 1.69 million acres, up 25 percent from 2013. Harvested area is forecast at 1.63 million acres, 24 percent above the previous year. The average United States yield is forecast at 1,787 pounds per acre, a decrease of 80 pounds from 2013.
Production of sugarbeets for the 2014 crop year is forecast at 32.1 million tons, down 2 percent from last year. Producers expect to harvest 1.15 million acres, down slightly from the previous forecast and down 1 percent from 2013. Expected yield is forecast at 28.0 tons per acre, a decrease of 0.4 ton from last year.
For a full copy of the Crop Production report please visit www.nass.usda.gov.